Breeder: Van Maanen, Marvin
Address: 3110 230th St.
City, State Zip: Doon, IA 51235
Year: 2005
USDA License: 42-A-0585
Date of CAPS Investigation: 2005-07-25
Time of CAPS Investigation: 15:30
Breeds: Lhasa Apsos

There were about 3 dogs and 12 eight-week old puppies on the property at the time of investigation.

The kennel building was a single-story barn, accessed by a doorway on one side. Next to the doorway was a window with no glass or covering over it at all, allowing two dogs in a pen just below the window to be exposed to the weather (3.1(a)-Structure;construction); (3.6(a)(vi)-Primary enclosures).

There was no evident heating or cooling system in the barn (3.2(a)-Indoor housing facilities).

There were indoor/outdoor enclosures installed along two sides of the barn. Metal doggie-doors connecting the two portions of these enclosures had a dirty build-up on them and rusting hinges (3.1(c)(1); (3.1(c)(1)(i)-Surfaces).

Outdoor pens
The outdoor cages were constructed of wood and untreated, rusting, thin-gauge metal wire (3.1(c)(1)(i) Surfaces) (3.6(a)(2)(xii)-Primary enclosures).

The wire flooring of each pen was partially covered with a rubber mat with small holes. The puppies’ legs fell through the wire flooring not covered by a mat (3.6(a)(2)(x)-Primary enclosures).

One cage containing two adult Lhasas had a plastic sheet over half of its floor; this sheet was covered with fecal stains and some feces (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).

Under the four occupied cages was months’ accumulation of feces, piled up to within two inches of the floorings of the cages (raised about a foot above the ground). In one case, the feces mound reached the flooring of the cage above it (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).

The cage floorings sagged in the middle; one cage flooring had completely fallen out and rubber mats were covering the bottom of this cage (3.1(a)-Structure; construction).

In some cages, the wire floorings and walls did not meet the next cage wall, so that a gap existed with sharp points of wire bent inwards towards the pens (3.1(c)(1)(ii)-Surfaces).

The back walls of the outdoor pens were made of wooden beams covered in peeling paint (3.1(c)(2)-Surfaces).

Indoor pens
The indoor pens had plastic and wooden floorings and wooden walls. Half of the pens had rubber mats for walls opposite the doggie-door. The surfaces of the indoor pens all had a dirty build-up on them (3.1(c)(3)-Surfaces).

Feces was piled up in the corners and crevices of one of the puppy pens (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).

The walls of the pens were painted white, though most of the paint was scratched off; and scratch marks were evident along the walls and near the doggie-doors. The marks themselves were darker than the rest of the wood, indicative of dirt build-up inside them (3.1(c)(1)(2)-Surfaces).

Three other puppy pens that had wooden floorings had feces accumulation on the pen floorings. One pen had a thick layer of feces that appeared to be at least several days old covering almost a third of the pen floor (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).

Plastic feeders and water bottles were hung from the pen walls. The feeders had a scum build-up of scum inside them (3.9(b)-Feeding).

Plastic sheeting that was positioned along the kennel floor about six inches out from each pen was smeared with feces (3.1(c)(1)-Surfaces).

Two puppies were loose in the walkway of the kennel, with no apparent way to get back into their pens and with no food or water available to them (3.1(a)-Structure, construction); (3.9(a)-Feeding), (3.10-Watering).

Two inside pens contained a variety of junk, including carpets, feed bags, a hammer, metal wiring, rubber mats, straw, plastic and metal feeders and water bottles, and a metal coffee can (3.1(e)-Storage). All of the materials were covered in cobwebs, as were the corners and crevices of the ceiling of the kennel (3.1(c)(3)-Surfaces).

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