When investigators first arrived at the property they noticed two large dogs tied to two separate trees (3.6(c)(4)-Prohibited means of primary enclosure). Each had a small plastic “igloo” style structure to use as shelter from the elements, but no food or water were present for either of the dogs at the time of the investigation (3.9(b)-Feeding) (3.10-Watering).
Jane Hawk’s kennel consisted of three separate building types.
The first kennel structure on the property was a pair of elevated cages that stood approximately 1 foot above the ground and supported by wooden posts. These cages were about 4 feet long, 2 feet tall and 2 feet deep. One cage housed an adult Beagle and also contained a plastic feeder and a dish of filthy water that had not been changed in several days (3.10-Watering). The other cage structure was piled to the top with trash, towels, and other miscellaneous household items.
The second type of building used to house dogs at the facility was the whelping building. This structure was a large, deteriorating wooden shed which was fenced off from the remainder of the yard. A large, thin dog was chained to the fence in the far corner with a 15-20 foot chain (3.6(c)(4)-Prohibited means of primary enclosure). A large empty metal water dish was present but no food was seen by investigators (3.9(b)-Feeding) (3.10-Watering).
Pregnant females as well as numerous puppies and their mothers were housed inside the shed at the time of the investigation. Directly to the right inside the building was a wall full of stacked cages. The cages were stacked three high and three long, totaling nine cages. Only one cage was occupied at the time and contained adult Maltese.
Further into the building were the majority of the cages used to house the puppies and their mothers. Another wall of stacked cages stood on the right-hand side of the shed. There were approximately 20 cages along this wall and they were stacked 3 high and at least 6 long. At one end of the wall three more cages were stacked on top of one another. Every stacked cage appeared to house a mother and litter of puppies except for those on the ground level. Some cages contained a cardboard box to hold the newborn or week-old puppies, although most of the older puppies didn’t have any type of whelping box and were forced to stand or lay on wire floorings which their feet continually slipped through (3.6(a)(2)(x)-Primary enclosures). The fronts of several cages were covered in newspaper, which investigators assumed was used to keep them warm since the building did not appear to be heated.
Directly across from this wall of stacked cages was another wall with the same setup. Fewer dogs were housed along this wall, but investigators did see several Yorkshire Terriers along the top level of cages.
The last kennel structure used to house dogs on the property consisted of a variety of elevated outdoor cages that were directly behind the wooden shed. A roof covered the cages but there were no side walls, leaving the dogs on the outside edges that did not back up to the shed exposed to the elements. Some dogs did, however, have access to an indoor portion of their cages through a dog door, although it was unclear if all of them did.
The first set of cages here housed mostly adult Maltese breeding stock. The entire kennel structure holding these dogs was approximately 15-20 feet long but was divided into 5 individual cages. Each cage was elevated 1-2 feet above the ground and stood approximately 4 feet long, 1 foot tall and 1 ½ feet deep. All of the cages housed at least two dogs, many housing more. Several of the dogs had difficulty standing fully upright in these cages because they were so short (3.6(c)(1)(i)-Primary enclosures). One of the Maltese also had a significant case of cherry eye which Jane claimed she intended to have treated soon (2.40-Vet care).
The row of cages was supported by wooden posts at each end as beneath the cages in the middle. These posts did not touch the ground and were instead supported by stacked cement blocks that did not appear to be very sturdy (3.6(a)(1)-Primary Enclosures). The ground near the posts was full of large holes which were covered by large pieces of metal siding that held down with bricks.
A large while plastic tray ran along the entire length of this row of cages and was intended to catch feces which fell through the wire floors. The tray was slanted at the far end in what appeared to be intended for drainage once the fecal accumulation was sprayed off. The tray, however, had not been cleaned in days, if not weeks, as fecal accumulation beneath each cage piled several inches deep (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures). Numerous flies swarmed around the dogs as a result as a result of the fecal accumulation beneath them 3.11(d)(4)-Pest control).
Another row of cages housed Chihuahuas. These cages were also elevated 1-2 feet above the ground. They stood approximately 2 feet tall, 2 feet long and 2 feet deep. Most cages housed three or four adult Chihuahuas. Each had a portion with wire flooring that allowed fecal matter to fall through onto a tray below as well as a wooden pen. The pen was connected to the other side by a splintered hole in the wood that appeared to have been broken rather than cut through. A tattered, dirty blanket lay inside the pen and had been chewed and shredded into pieces. A plastic self-feeding device was attached to one wall of the pen and a completely empty water dish sat in a pen that housed four dogs.
The white plastic tray below the cages had not been cleaned in what appeared to be weeks as enormous piles of feces had accumulated throughout its length (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures). Flies also swarmed the fecal accumulation and the dogs standing directly above it 3.11(d)(4)-Pest control). Spider webs and clumps of dog fur hung from the bottoms of the cages on many of the sides (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).
Approximately 200 dogs on the property at the time of the investigation.
Marsha Cox’s facility consisted of numerous double-decker kennel style buildings. The cages in these buildings typically contained two to three small dogs a piece. The floorings were made of wire and each cage was approximately 2 feet wide, 2 feet tall and 2 feet deep. Each also had a small dog door that lead to an interior portion of the cage inside the building. It is unclear how many of this building type there were as investigators were not granted access to the majority of the property.
Other kennel types used to house dogs were large outdoor pens that stood approximately 2 feet wide, 6 feet tall and 6 feet long. These were typically used to house larger breed dogs, particularly Boxers and German Shepherds. The flooring of many of these pens was streaked with urine and fecal accumulation (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures). Many cages also did not provide adequate shelter for the number of size of the dogs in each. In several instances, small wooden boxes with a very small hole cut into them were the only shelter available for multiple dogs. The dogs could not all comfortably fit into the shelters together and the doors allowing access were very small (3.4(b)-Shelter from the elements).
One particular outdoor pen which housed German Shepherds had large gaps in the wire used to form the fencing. The dogs were able to stick their entire heads, necks, and front legs through these holes in an attempt to get out as investigators walked by (3.6(a)(2)(x)-Primary enclosures).
Another row of outdoor pens housed a variety of small dog breeds, including several Pugs. These dogs were kept in large outdoor runs intended for large breed dogs. The dog doors in each pen which allowed the dogs access to an indoor kennel for shelter were too high up on the wall for the small dogs to reach easily. In some cases, a cement block was placed below the dog door for them to use in order to reach the door to come in and out on their own (3.4(b)-Shelter from the elements).
One outdoor pen contained at least five medium-sized dogs that appeared to be an older litter of Poodles. The pen was approximately 6 feet long and 2 feet wide and contained only one water dish and one self-feeder.
Larger barn and indoor pens
One of Ronnie and Patricia Cooper’s kennel buildings, which was about 300 feet north of the house, was a barn about 50 feet long and 20 feet wide. The inside of the barn had plastic sheeting on its wall and concrete flooring. There was a refrigerator near the doorway, a table covered with bottles of medicine, and about two dozen bags of food stacked in the center of the room (3.1(e)-Storage). The feed bags were directly next to the table, and the medicine bottles were left open on the table instead of being stored in a cabinet (3.1(e)-Storage). Eight windows, each about a foot wide and tall, were along the walls of the barn. The building had lights and an air conditioning unit.
Fully enclosed painted wooden boxes, each about 2.5 feet wide, 2.5 feet long, and about 1.5 feet high, were adjacent to each other in a row on the northern wall. The boxes had double cabinet doors on the southern sides, but it was not clear if these boxes were indoor cages for the raised outdoor cages on the northern side of the building.
Three indoor cages against the western wall were each about six feet wide, and eight feet long. They had six-foot-high painted wooden walls and six-foot-high doors of treated, galvanized wire. Doggie doors accessed outside cages. The doggie doors, placed about six inches above the floor, had no wooden ramps leading up to them. Carpets covered the concrete floorings of the pens, and heat lamps were near the tops of the pen walls.
The southern pen of this group of pens housed a nursing adult Labrador with seven puppies about four-weeks-old. An uncarpeted area about two feet wide and two feet long was covered in feces (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).
Eight Basset Hound puppies about six-weeks-old were in the middle pen of this group of pens. A metal self feeder was north of the doggie door. Two metal pans were on the carpeted flooring, one containing food and the other water. The carpets were completely covered and stained with more than 24 hours’ accumulation of feces (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).
Another row of painted, connected wooden boxes were on the southern side of the building. The boxes had doors on the southern ends, and they appeared to be the indoor cages for the outdoor pens on the southern side of the barn.
Outdoor pens on south side of barn
Four outdoor cages were on the southern side of the barn. These cages were about three feet wide, six feet long, and five feet high. The pens had untreated and rusting, thick-gauge galvanized wire for their walls and roofs and concrete floorings (3.1(c)(1)(i)-Surfaces). Each pen had a metal doggie door in it against the barn wall. A wooden ramp led to the door. There was a plastic water dish containing brown water on the floor of each pen (3.10-Watering).
The southern pen contained three adult Miniature Schnauzers who had thick mats in their fur (2.40-Vet Care). The other pens contained adult Beagles. There was a camouflage covering on the roofing of the pens and a liquid-filled bottle sitting on the eastern edge of the roof of the eastern pen (3.1-Condition and site).
Outdoor pens on the east side of barn
Four outdoor cages on the eastern side of the building had open doggie doors connecting to the inside pens. Each pen held one to two adult Beagles.
The corners of each cage were made of wooden beams. The walls of the southernmost pen were made of untreated chicken wire (3.6(a)(2)(xii)-Primary enclosures). The two middle pens had chain link walls separating them from their adjacent pens and thick-gauge galvanized wire on the eastern wall. The northernmost pen had chain link wire on its north side and wooden beams creating the eastern wall.
The pen floorings were concrete. Roofing extended about five feet over the pens from the barn. Each pen had a plastic water dish on the flooring near the door. In the southernmost pen, a piece of carpet measuring eight feet by five feet covered a section of the southern wall. Vines were growing around the roofing and northern wall of the northernmost pen (3.1(b)-Condition and site).
Northeast of the indoor/outdoor pens was an outdoor pen, about 30 feet long and about 20 feet wide, housing two female and two male adult Rottweilers.
This pen was adjacent to a barn with red metal siding, and a four-foot-high fencing of untreated, thick-gauge wire created the other three sides of the pen. A 4.5-foot-high chain-link wall extended about 10 feet from the barn and had vines growing on top of it and hanging over its sides (3.1(b)-Condition and site.)
The pen had a dirt flooring with more than two weeks’ accumulation of feces on it (3.1 (c)(3)-Cleaning) (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures). A painted, wooden dog house, about three feet wide, five feet long, and three feet high, was near one corner of the pen. Several metal food and water dishes on the ground were not placed so as to minimize contamination by excreta or pests (3.9(b)-Feeding). A wheel barrel, shovel, and several six-foot-long metal rails were against the northern fence (3.1(b)-Condition and site).
Basset Hound pens
West of the Rottweiler pen were two outdoor Basset Hound pens spaced about 2.5 feet apart. The eastern pen was about six feet from the Rottweiler pen. Each pen, about four feet wide, six feet long, and four high and raised about a foot above the ground on wooden stilts, housed two Basset Hounds.
Part of these pens, an area about five feet long and three feet wide, had wooden beams for corners and untreated, thin-gauge galvanized wire for walls and roofs (3.6(a)(2)(xii)-Primary enclosures). Floorings were made of treated wire.
The remaining section of each pen contained a fully enclosed wooden box with plastic doggie-doors providing access. Most of the roof of each pen, a five-foot section, was covered by metal sheets over the wire. A single metal self feeder was attached to the side of each pen, and water dishes were on the pen floorings. Under both pens was more than two weeks’ accumulation of feces in piles five feet long, three feet wide, and up to four inches high (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).
Additional outdoor pens
Three pens in a row were located within 2.5 feet of the previously described Basset Hound pens. Each pen was about four feet wide, ten feet long, and six feet high and had untreated, thick-gauge galvanized-wire walls, concrete floorings, and sheet-metal roofs completely covering the tops of the pens. The western pen contained three Basset Hounds, and two Jack Russell Terriers ran in and out of the dog house in the center pen.
The backs of each pen had a wooden dog house about four feet wide, four feet long, and about three feet tall. The sides of these houses angled up from the floor making the roofs of the houses about three feet wide. Each dog house had a plastic doggie door. A wooden board about four feet high and seven feet long separated the bottoms of the center and eastern pens.
Metal self feeders were attached to the dog houses about an inch from the ground. The feeders were not placed so as to minimize contamination by excreta or pests (3.9(b)-Feeding). There were metal dishes filled with dark brown water on the floor of each pen (3.10-Watering).
Outdoor cages against the barn
South of the pens described above were six outdoor cages positioned along the northern wall of the larger barn. These adjacent cages were about 2.5 feet wide, 2.5 feet long, and about two feet high. Painted wooden beams framed each cage, and painted wooden stilts raised the cages about three feet off the ground. There were two adult Shih Tzu in one cage, and an adult Beagle in the cage adjacent to them.
Each cage had a treated-wire flooring and walls made of untreated and rusting thin-gauge galvanized wire (3.6(a)(2)(xii)-Primary enclosures) (3.1(c)(1)(i)-Surfaces). The northern cage walls included access doors. An angled metal roof covered the pens, and an angled metal sheet was positioned about 1.5 feet below the pens to catch feces and debris. The sheet angled down to a ditch in the ground, about 15 feet long and a foot wide, that was filled with water and feces and swarming with flies (3.1(f)-Drainage and waste disposal) (3.11(d)-Pest Control). There was a water dish on the flooring of one pen, but other dishes were blocked from view by the dogs.
Second, smaller barn
South of the larger barn was a barn about 30 feet wide and 30 feet long. It had a peaked metal roof and white metal siding and doorways on the east and west sides. Inside the barn, thick cobwebs covered the walls of the pens and ceiling of the barn (3.11(c)-Housekeeping for premises). Dust was clearly visible in the air (3.2(b)-Ventilation).
There were three pens on the north side and three pens on the south side inside this barn. A walkway was between them. Each pen was about eight feet wide and ten feet long. The pens were made of wooden boards and untreated, thick-gauge galvanized wire.
None of the lights near the roof of each pen were on, so it difficult to determine how many dogs were in each pen and what breeds they were (3.2(c)-Lighting).
Smaller barn outdoor pens
Outside the southern side of the smaller barn were four pens, each about six feet wide, six feet long, and about four feet high. The pens were surrounded by chain-link walls, had concrete floorings, doggie doors accessing the southern indoor pens of the barn, and water dishes on the floors. The easternmost pen had two adult Maltese. Seven adult Maltese were in the pen next to it, and another two Maltese in each of the other pens. An area of dirt ground about 24 feet long and a one foot wide south of these pens was covered in standing water and feces (3.1(f)- Drainage and waste disposal).
More outdoor pens
At the eastern end of the property, within 100 feet of the house and positioned on the grass lawn, were three chain-link pens about three feet wide, six feet long, and five feet high. One pen housed two Labradors and a German Shepherd, each about six-weeks-old. The pen had no dog house or shelter, no roof covering, and no wind/rain breaks (3.4(b)-Shelter from the elements). On the grass were two water dishes and a food dish, which was not placed so as to minimize contamination by excreta or pests (3.9(b)-Feeding).
The facility consisted of one large shed-like structure which had a row of elevated kennels along the southern side. Approximately 20 dogs were housed in these cages visible from the outside.
There were indoor and outdoor portions that were connected via a small metal dog door. One cage even contained a litter of small puppies presumed to be less than 4 weeks of age. The outside door leading into the building was ajar at the time of the investigation and there were not any “no trespassing” signs present anywhere on the property. In search of owners of the facility, investigators pushed the door open further and called out to anyone on the property, but no one ever responded.
Inside the kennel were the indoor portions of the outdoor cages mentioned previously. These ran along the right-hand side of the building. On the left were rows of individual metal dog cages that housed dogs and puppies without access to the outdoors. These cages mostly contained young puppies between the ages of 2 weeks to 8 weeks of age. There was a strong smell of ammonia inside the kennel as there were no windows or fans to ventilate the unit (3.2(b)-Ventilation).
Most of the dogs had kibble in their bowls, but the majority did not have water. The bowls were all empty or turned upside in most of the cages (3.10-Watering). The dogs appeared to be housed in darkness (3.2)(c)-Lighting) as no light switches were ever found and the only light coming into the building seemed to be from the open door.
At the far end of the kennel building we came across several stacked dog carriers known as pet taxis. The majority of these carriers were empty, but the two on the bottom level housed one dog per carrier (3.6(a)-Primary enclosures).
In one such carrier, we noticed a severely emaciated white dog that did not move. Investigators attempted to wake the dog up, but when it didn’t move we opened the carrier and slid out the tray the dog was lying upon. The dog was very clearly dead. All of its rib bones were prominent and easily seen merely by looking at it. The smell was overwhelming and it was evident the dog had not died within the past few hours – it seemed to have been lying there for some time. The dog was so severely emaciated it was clear that it had starved to death and had not deteriorated to such a condition in a short period of time (3.9)(a)-Feeding).
Behind the residence and the initial kennel building were several small structures used to house the miniature Schnauzers, Shetland sheepdogs, Pit Bulls, Beagles, and Australian shepherds.
One such structure was a pen with four fenced-in runs. The first two runs were approximately six feet long and 2 feet wide. One run housed a Pit Bull and the other housed a Beagle. The Pit Bull’s cage had one small, empty water dish (3.10-Watering). The other two runs in the structure were the same length but approximately 5 feet wide instead of 2. One such run housed four Australian Shepherds and the other housed a Boxer and another Pit Bull. The floor of this particular run had more than 24 hours of fecal accumulation strewn throughout the cement ground (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures). The water in this pen was green with algae from not being changed on a regular basis (3.10-Watering).
Another type of structure used to house dogs behind the residence was an elevated cage that stood approximately 2 feet above the ground and had wire flooring. It was approximately 4 feet deep, 2 feet wide, and 2 ½ feet tall. Two of these kennels were present on the property, but only one had dogs in it at the time of the investigation. This cage housed the Miniature Schnauzers.
In a fenced-in area beside the house, a large-breed dog was housed. The dog was very thin and investigators could not find any food supply available in his pen whatsoever. We provided a small Ziploc bag of dry kibble we had in the car to the dog and left a handful of dog treats which he ate immediately. He appeared to be very hungry and emaciated. This particular dog’s water supply consisted of a small kid-size plastic swimming pool that was filled with black and green water. It clearly had not been changed in several weeks, if not months, in order to fill with algae and turn such a color (3.10-Watering).
CAPS investigators reported this facility to CAPS President Deborah Howard, who then left a detailed message for Tim Ricky, Missouri Humane Society’s Director of Investigations. Mr. Ricky did not return Ms. Howard’s voice message. A Missouri Humane Society investigator called the investigators but didn’t seem to know anything about the information Ms. Howard had provided Mr. Ricky. She then said that she couldn’t use the information about the dead dog because the investigators had trespassed, which was not the case. Ms. Howard, an attorney, and CAPS pro bono attorney Randy Turner, discussed the matter. It was obvious to them that the Missouri Humane investigator did not understand trespass laws. It does not appear that the investigator went to the facility. This is not the first time that there has been a lack of cooperation from Missouri Humane, which has no police powers and must ask permission from kennel owners to inspect facilities. They can be useful, however, because they are more likely than CAPS to obtain cooperation from local law enforcement. CAPS is turning over the evidence to USDA.
Two trailers on the property had elevated indoor/outdoor pens built on to them to serve as to dog kennels. Each cage was about two feet wide, two feet long, and and two feet high. They had treated wire floorings and untreated, rusting wire walls (3.1(c)(1)(i)-Surfaces). A metal doggie-door allowed access between the indoor and outdoor parts of each pen. There were two to five dogs per cage and many of the dogs were about 12 to 20 inches long from the tip of the nose to the base of the tail (3.6(c)(1)(i)-Primary enclosures).
Several days’ accumulation of feces was plastic sheeting several feet below the indoor and outdoor cage floorings (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures). The sheeting was also covered in fecal stains and flies (3.11(d)-Pest control).
One trailer had cages on three of its sides. One of the two shorter sides had five cages: three indoor/outdoor enclosures below two whelping cages. The two longer sides of the trailer each had six indoor/outdoor enclosures with three whelping cages above them. The whelping cages were two feet wide, four feet long, and two feet high, and each contained a nursing mother and puppies.
The plastic back walls and metal doggie-doors of the pens were covered in a dirty build-up (3.1(c)(3)-Surfaces).
Food and water dishes on the indoor floorings were not placed to minimize contamination by excreta (3.9(b)-Feeding).
A very strong ammonia odor was present inside the trailer (3.2(b)-Ventilation).
The untreated, rusty wire walls were flimsy and in disrepair. The corners of the wire door on two cages could easily be pushed away from the cage wall (3.1(a)-Structure; construction).
One of these cages housed three Shih Tzu and another housed five Bichons. Two bottom cages in a corner furthest from the door of this trailer were so dark that the dogs inside – three Papillions pressing themselves against the indoor cage doors – could barely be seen (3.2(c)-Lighting).
One cage contained a single male Shih Tzu that was severely emaciated; his stomach was sucked in and ribs were clearly visible beneath his shaved coat (2.40-Vet care).
Two plastic bags of trash were hanging in front of one cage opposite the trailer doorway. In front of the doorway and inside the trailer was a three-foot stack of supplies and carpet mats (3.1(b)-Condition and site).
The other trailer had six breeder cages along one shorter wall: three stacked above the other three. Two rows each of three whelping cages, one row above the other, were placed against the wall opposite the trailer doorway. Two rows each of seven whelping and breeder cages, one row above the other, were against the opposite wall. Many of the breeder cages housed three to five dogs measuring 12 to 20 inches from the tip of the nose to the base of the tail (3.6(c)(1)(i)-Primary enclosures).
Food and water dishes on the indoor cage floorings were not placed in a manner that would minimize contamination by excreta (3.9(b)-Feeding).
Dirty build-up covered the plastic doggie-door walls and the metal doggie-doors in each cage (3.1(c)(3)-Cleaning).
Spare food dishes were stored on top of the cages. Two tables at the wall of the trailer furthest from the doorway stored cleaning and medicinal supplies. Near the tables were a vacuum cleaner, chair, and grooming supplies. Shaved fur covered the floor (3.1(b)-Condition and site).
Similar to the first kennel building, a strong ammonia odor was present in the second trailer (3.2(b)-Ventilation).
Bill and Kathie Blomberg’s kennel had two different structures containing indoor and outdoor cages and a hog barn which is being used to house Cairn Terriers. The property was on a hill. The access road was at the bottom of the hill, and the Cairn Terrier barn higher on the hill than the Blombergs’ house.
The barn was about 200 feet long and thirty feet wide. It had sheet-metal sides and roofing and concrete flooring. An open doorway in the middle of the 200 foot-long side of the barn faced the house. This doorway led to a storage room about 15 feet wide and 30 feet long that had open doorways in the left and right walls. The right doorway led to a room in which Kathie Blomberg was using a water hose to spray off the floorings of pens containing Cairn Terriers. Rubber mats with holes covered the pen floor areas.
Each pen was about five feet long and five feet wide. These pens had three-foot-high walls made of metal beams. Each pen contained four to five Cairn Terriers. The dogs in the pen Blomberg was spraying had nowhere to go to avoid getting splashed and wet (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).
Though the lights were on in the room containing the dogs, the dim lighting made it difficult to clearly see into the pens from ten feet away (3.2(c)-Lighting).
Just above the hill from the house was a kennel building about 40 feet long and 15 feet wide. Each of the longer sides had eight cages (four on top of four) on either side of a central doorway. Each set had plastic sheeting below it to catch feces and debris. The plastic sheets had dark fecal stains on them underneath most of the cages (3.1(c)(3)-Surfaces) (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures)
Each cage was about two feet wide, two feet long, and two feet high and made with untreated wooden boards at the corners and thin-gauge, untreated wire on the sides and tops (3.6(a)(2)(xii)-Primary enclosures) and treated wire for the floorings. The untreated wooden boards were covered in algae (3.1(c)(2)-Maintenance and replacement of surfaces). Each cage contained one to three dogs of various breeds including Cairn Terriers, Yorkshire Terriers, Chihuahuas, and Shih Tzu. Several of the Yorkshire Terriers had thick mats in their fur (2.40-Vet Care).
A building identical in design to the one described above was downhill from the house and within about 15 feet of the driveway accessing the property. Cages housed Shih Tzu, Cairn Terriers, and Yorkshire Terriers in this building and had one to three dogs per cage. One cage contained an adult Shih Tzu with several Shih Tzu puppies of about four weeks of age.
A top cage on the end of the building closest to house and facing downhill housed an adult Cairn Terrier with several mats in its fur as large as four inches wide on the underside of the dog’s neck, chest, and the front of its front legs (2.40-Vet Care).
Several outside cages had shredded pieces of newspaper in them or lying on the ground under them (3.1(b)-Condition and site). The wooden boards used to construct the outside pens of this building were covered in algae (3.1(c)(2)-Maintenance and replacement of surfaces). The plastic sheets underneath the cages were stained from feces (3.1(c)(3)-Cleaning) (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures). </p
Dora Adams’ kennel consisted of two sections. The primary facility was a barn with indoor/outdoor cages.
Kennel barn – one side
The barn structure was about ten feet wide and thirty feet long. It had cages on each of its long sides and doorways on each of its shorter sides. The building had plastic siding on three of its walls, cinderblocks with no covering over them on its rear wall facing away from Adams’ house, and a peaked roof that extended out over its outdoor pens.
One side of this kennel barn had outdoor cages raised about two feet above the dirt ground on wooden stilts. There were about 16 cages on this side of the barn, each about two feet long, two feet wide, and about 1.5 feet high. One cage housed three adult Yorkshire Terriers, three cages each housed one to two adult Shih Tzu, and the remaining cages each housed one to two adult Yorkshire Terriers. Several of the Yorkshire Terriers had thick mats in their fur (2.40-Vet Care).
The cages were made of thin-gauge, untreated galvanized wire for the walls and roofs (3.6(a)(xii)-Primary enclosures) and treated wire for flooring. The cages had untreated wire doors on the outside, and all of the untreated wire of the cages was rusting (3.1(c)(1)(i)-– Surfaces).
Each cage had a doggie door with a rusting metal frame around it (3.1(c)(1)(i)-Surfaces) that led to the inside pens. These doggie doors were simply an opening with no windbreak on them (3.4(b)(3)-Shelter from the elements).
The plastic back walls of the cages were covered in oil and feces build-up (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures). These walls extended below the cages to the dirt ground and were covered with feces stains (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures). Below the cages more than two weeks’ accumulation of feces that was mixed with sawdust (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).
The indoor enclosures were also about two feet long, two feet wide, and about 1.5 feet high. These enclosures were made of wood painted white; the paint was rubbed away in several areas on the walls inside each cage (3.1(c)(2)-Maintenance and replacement of surfaces). Oil and feces buildup was on the walls (3.1(c)(3)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).
The cage walls that faced inside the barn had doors about a foot wide and 10 inches tall, hinged at the bottom. These doors were opened up, with a section of thin-gauge, galvanized wire behind each door. The wire sections had been painted white, though most of the paint had been scratched away by the dogs inside the cages, revealing rusty wire underneath (3.1(c)(1)(i)- Surfaces). Each cage also had a hinged wooden door in its roof to allow access to the dogs inside and a heat lamp on top of the wire roof. One cage housing a Shih Tzu had loose wire on the roof door and more than a dozen pieces of wire protruding into the pen (3.6(a)(2)(ii)-Primary enclosures). Several cages had one-gallon plastic jugs on top of the roofs. Most of the jugs appeared to contain water while one contained a brown liquid (3.1(e)-Storage).
Kennel barn – other side
The opposite side of the barn had about 15 indoor/outdoor cages. The outdoor cage closest to Adams’ house was about five feet long, five feet wide, and four feet high. The other cages were about five feet long, 2.5 feet wide, and four feet high. These cages were made with thick-gauge wire for the walls, and the doors consisted of a combination of wood and thick-gauge, galvanized wire.
Each cage was on the bare ground and had more than two weeks’ accumulation of feces mixed with saw dust on the ground (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures). Doggie doors connected these cages to the indoor cages; again, the doors had no windbreaks on them (3.4(b)(3)-Shelter from the elements).
The indoor cages were about 2.5 feet wide, three feet long, and three feet high. These cages had wooden walls and wood-frame doors with thin-gauge galvanized wire. All of the wood and wire was painted white. The wooden walls inside the cages had paint worn away from them 3.1(c)(2)-Maintenance and replacement of surfaces) and oil and feces buildup on them (3.1(c)(3-Cleaning). The cages were on concrete flooring and covered with dirt, feces, and saw dust (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures). Each cage housed two adult Yorkshire Terriers.
Each indoor cage contained a section of carpet about ten inches long and eight inches wide and plastic and metal food and water dishes on the flooring. The food dishes were not placed so as to minimize contamination by excreta (3.9(b)-Feeding). About 20 one-gallon plastic jugs were stored on top of the cages (3.1(e)-Storage). Two bottles of bug spray and a can of Raid pest spray were on the ground next to the doorway facing the direction of Adams’ house and within about six inches of a Yorkshire Terrier cage closest to this doorway (3.1(e)-Storage).
Kennel barn – other pens
On the same side of the barn as the Yorkshire Terrier cages described above was a cage containing three Shih Tzu puppies about six-weeks-old. The cage was about ten feet from the rear door of the barn. It was about three feet long, a foot wide, and 1.5 feet high. The cage was positioned against the wall and raised four feet above the floor. It was about eight inches above another cage against the wall. Newspapers were on top the lower cage (3.1(b)-Condition and site), which was made of treated wire and had a wire door on its long side facing away from the wall. The flooring of the pen had a section of carpet about a foot long and wide, a metal water and food dish, and two rubber balls.
The center of the barn had a row of about a dozen plastic and metal trash cans and a stack of about ten feed bags. There was also a table next to the trash cans with several items stored on top, including a plastic cup and bowl and several small hand tools (3.1(b)-Condition and site) (3.1(e)-Storage).
There were four outdoor pens next to each other in a row on the side of the barn away from Adam’s house. These pens had thick-gauge, untreated wire walls three to four feet high. There were one-foot-high sections of galvanized wire at the bottom of the pens and chain link gates. The pens had dirt floorings. Two pens each housed an adult Jack Russell, which Adams said she had acquired from another party and would give away. The other two pens each housed an adult Shih Tzu.
Each Shih Tzu pen had a single plastic dog house about two feet wide, 2.5 feet long, and two feet high with no windbreak on the entrance (3.4(b)(3)-Shelter from the elements). The Jack Russell pens were about 15 feet wide and 15 feet long each with a dog house about three feet wide, four feet long, and three feet high. It was not clear if these houses had wind breaks on the doors. Each pen contained metal food and water dishes set on the dirt ground, and the food dishes were not placed so as to minimize contamination by excreta (3.9(b)-Feeding). The water and food dishes in the Shih Tzu pens were completely empty except for a thin layer of loose dirt in each (3.9(a)-Feeding) (3.10-Watering). The dishes were covered with a thin layer of caked-on dirt (3.11(b)(1)-Sanitization of food and water receptacles).