Breeds: Maltese, Shih Tzu, Huskies, Poodles, Bichon Frises, Chihuahuas, Yorkshire Terriers
The main kennel structures on Kauffman’s property were two small barns, each with five elevated indoor/outdoor enclosures on both of their longer sides. The outdoor cages had untreated, thin-gauge wire walls and treated wire floorings, and the roofs of the building hung over the tops of the cages. Metal and plastic dog doors provided access to indoor cages made of treated wire. Many of the plastic doggie doors were torn and broken at their bottoms and corners (3.1(c)(2)-Surfaces).
More than 24 hours’ accumulation of feces was under the outdoor cages (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures). The indoor cages were made of treated wire and had plastic self-feeders and water spigots. The PVC piping that framed the indoor cages was covered in brown and orange stains (3.1(c)(2)-Surfaces).
A row of three whelping cages made of treated wire were above each row of indoor cages. There were plastic self feeders and water spigots in each cage and plastic sheeting underneath all indoor and whelping cages to catch debris and excreta. Each of the indoor/outdoor enclosures contained two adult dogs; several of the whelping cages each contained a whelping mother and several nursing puppies. About half of the whelping cages were empty.
One whelping cage, on the right hand side of the doorway of the kennel building closest to the Kauffman’s house, was used to hold cleaning supplies and medicine (3.1(e)-Storage).
Matted Bichon Frises and Maltese
One Bichon had small dirty mats on her face (2.40-Vet care). Two Maltese sharing a cage had large, thick mats on their bodies and in the fur that covered their eyes. After Mrs. Yoder removed a Maltese from a cage, one could see numerous thick mats on its underside (2.40-Vet care). Two other Maltese in another cage both had small mats covering their fur. Mrs. Yoder allowed me to remove one of the Maltese and hold it, at which point I noticed especially thick mats around the dog’s face and paws. The mats around the paws were stained brown (2.40-Vet care).
Six outdoor runs on a concrete slab each housed a single adult Husky. The runs had wire walls, doorways made of metal barn siding and a metal roof to provide shade. Each pen, about three feet wide and eight feet long, was connected to a wooden dog house by a dog door. The floors of the pens were stained brown, compared to the white-colored concrete just outside of the pens (3.1(c)(3)-Surfaces).
Metal and plastic self feeders attached to the doors of the pens had a dingy build-up on their surfaces (3.2(c)(2)-Surfaces). The metal feeders were rusting in several places (3.11(b)(2)-Sanitization).
Outside the doorways of two cages, resting against a wooden pole between the cages, was a metal feeder covered in rust. The feeder had moldy food caked to its interior and was swarming with flies that also surrounded the other pens (3.1(b)-Condition and site); (3.11(d)-Pest control).
A single PVC pipe held water for all of the dogs; sections cut out of it allowed the dogs to drink from it. Fecal stains were on various spots of the pipe, though they were most evident on its underside (3.2(c)(2)-Surfaces). Algae and brown build-up was visible on the pipe’s interior (3.11(b)(2)-Sanitization).
Several treated wire outdoor cages, measuring about five cubic feet in size, were elevated over the ground. They were in a row near another barn on the property, within about 80 feet of the adult Husky pens. Only one cage was occupied, and it housed a Husky puppy weighing about thirty pounds.
The cage door was unsecured, and the puppy opened the door with its nose and stuck its head out twice (3.1(a)-Structure; construction).
Several days’ accumulation of feces was piled underneath the cage. There was no food dish was in the pen, and an empty ceramic water bowl was on the cage flooring (3.9(a)-Feeding); (3.10-Watering); (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).
Breeds: Papillons, Yorkshire Terriers
This kennel was a barn with a row of six indoor/outdoor enclosures along each of the building’s longer sides. These enclosures, elevated over concrete slabs, were made entirely of treated wire. The back plastic wall had dog doors that led to an indoor cage. Each enclosure housed two adult dogs.
The enclosure walls and dog doors had a dirty build-up on their surfaces (3.1(c)(2)-Surfaces).
Wooden beams that framed the bottoms of the cages and supported them above the ground appeared to be warping and rotting from not being properly preserved (3.1(c)(1)-Surfaces).
The indoor cages had plastic walls and treated-wire doors and floorings. Two rows of whelping cages, with six cages per row, were positioned above the indoor cages. These cages had rubber mats with holes punched in them for their floorings.
With the exception of a few empty cages, the whelping cages each housed a mother and several nursing puppies. Plastic sheeting was installed below the cages to catch debris and excreta. Plastic feeders and water spigots served each cage.
Twice during the visit, Mr. Kauffman grabbed a dog from an indoor cage by its head. This handling obviously inflicted pain on the dogs, who squirmed and kicked until he held them in a normal manner (3.92(b)-Handling).
Breeds: Yorkshire Terriers, Pembroke Welsh Corgis, Labradors, Keeshounds, Weimaraners, Jack Russell Terriers
Kauffman’s kennel consisted of three kennel structures: Two groups of outdoor elevated wire cages, and a series of large dog runs.
Dilapidated outdoor cages
This first group of outdoor cages had walls, roofs, and even floorings of made of untreated, thin-gauge wire (3.6(a)(2)(xii)-Primary enclosures). The wire floorings were rusting (3.1(c)(1)(i)-Surfaces). Metal beams under the floorings supported the cages; however, the wire was sagging between all of the beams (3.1(a)-Structure; construction).
One wire wall had caved into another cage by several inches (3.1(a)-Structure; construction). The gaps in the wire walls were large enough that the dogs and puppies inside could stick their heads and necks completely through (3.1(a)-Structure; construction).
The cages were attached to wooden boxes via metal dog doors. The doors and walls had brown build-up on their surfaces (3.1(c)(3)-Cleaning).
Two cages were apparently empty, another housed a Labrador puppy about eight weeks old and an adult Keeshound, another cage housed a Yorkie and Corgi, and the last cage housed a single Corgi. The single Corgi had very overgrown toenails that were about three inches long (2.40-Veterinary care).
All of the occupied pens, and one that appeared empty, had more than a week’s accumulation of dry feces on their floorings (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures). Weeks’ accumulation of feces was piled underneath each cage as well, with flies swarming the area (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures); (3.11(d) Pest control).
Plastic and metal water dishes in the cages had a dingy brown build-up on their surfaces (3.10-Watering). A yellow plastic water dish was chewed and torn around its rim, making it difficult to clean (3.10-Watering). The Yorkie/Corgi cage had an overturned metal water dish in it (3.10-Watering) and sharp metal wire about ten inches long protruding from its flooring (3.1(c)(1)(ii)-Surfaces).
Outdoor Yorkie cages
The second structure consisted of two elevated cages connected to wooden boxes via metal doggie doors. The cages, framed and supported by wooden beams, had untreated wire walls, treated wire floorings, and plastic self feeders. There were three Yorkies in each cage.
Several days’ accumulation of fly-covered fecal matter was under the cages (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures); (3.11(d)-Pest control).
Converted hog building
The third kennel structure was a hog building converted to a dog kennel. There were about 15 pens in this sheltered housing facility, each with a wire door, concrete flooring and concrete walls about five feet tall with wire walls constructed above them. At the end of each pen near the doorway was a barred metal slab in the flooring, as wide as the pen and about four feet in length, covering a pit below to collect feces and urine. There were pools of filthy water within about eight inches of the metal bars (3.1(f)-Drainage and waste disposal).
Most of these pens housed two dogs each; a few contained three dogs. In a pen holding three Labradors, a metal beam was missing from the flooring, which created a gap about six inches across and four feet long (3.1(a)-Structure; construction).
Each pen contained a metal hog self-feeder on the door or on the floor, and a plastic water dish on the floor. The dishes and feeders were all covered in fecal stains, and many of the food dishes were not placed so as to minimize contamination by excreta or pests (3.9(b)-Feeding); (3.10-Watering).
Each pen contained one to two plastic dog houses without windbreaks (3.3(d)-Shelter from the elements. All of the dog houses were covered in smeared feces and fecal stains (3.1(c)(3)-Cleaning). Many of these dog houses were blue plastic barrels about five feet long and two feet wide – not large enough to allow a single dog inside to turn about freely or lie in a normal manner (3.3(d)-Shelter from the elements). Although wooden boards were positioned in front of the barrels to prevent them from rolling, the barrels had rolled around so that the dogs could not access their entrances (3.3(d)-Shelter from the elements). The housing for three Weimaraners was not only too small for all three dogs to fit inside (3.3(d)-Shelter from the elements) but had a chewed entrance (3.1(a)-Structure; construction).
Weeks’ accumulation of fecal matter was packed into the pen floorings. Some pen floorings were also covered with a layer of fur and scattered food remnants (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).
The concrete walls of the pens had a brown build-up on their surfaces (3.1(c)(3)-Cleaning). An enormous amount of flies were in the air and covered the surfaces of the kennel area (3.11(d)-Pest control). Wire and metal bars in the all the runs were rusty (3.1(c)(1)(i)-Surfaces).
Jack Russell Terrier cage
A single, elevated Jack Russell cage was located at one end of the hog barn kennel. It had untreated-wire walls, treated-wire flooring, and metal beams for stilts and support. It appeared that a curved plastic sheet about 10 inches high at one end of this cage was added to serve as a roof against rain entering the building at its one open side; however, there was no windbreak for the cage (3.3(d)-Shelter from the elements).
There was a plastic self feeder on one wall and more than 24 hours’ accumulation of fecal matter under the cage (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).
The facility of Dean and Karen Grell’s kennel consisted of barns containing indoor and outdoor cages connected by stainless steel doggie doors. Each barn had what appeared to be white plastic siding on the walls, a peaked roof that extended about two feet over the longer walls, a door accessing each of its shorter sides, and two windows about one foot wide and one foot long on each shorter side of the building.
The walls and floorings of the outdoor cages were made of untreated, thick-gauge galvanized wire (3.6(a)(2)(xii)-Primary enclosures). Most of the cages were raised about three feet above the dirt ground on wooden stilts supporting a rectangular metal frame underneath the cage floorings
The kennel building closest to the house was about 20 feet long and ten feet wide and had seven cages on each side. The cages were each about three feet wide, six feet long, and four feet high with no roofing. On the side of the building facing the house, one cage housed a Cocker Spaniel puppy about eight-weeks-old and two Shiba Inus about six-months-old. Another cage contained a Vizsla with enlarged breasts, suggesting she was nursing. A third cage contained an adult Cocker Spaniel, and an adjacent cage contained an adult Basset Hound. There were no dogs visible in the other three outdoor pens on that side of the building.
There was shredded paper on the floorings of the pens and on the dirt ground below them. More than a week’s accumulation of feces was under each cage (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures), and a pile of feces about two inches high and a foot in diameter was in the middle of the Vizsla’s cage (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).
Within 30 feet of the first kennel was another building about 15 feet long and 10 feet wide. The entire side of this building facing the house was raised about a foot off the dirt ground on wooden stilts. Each side of the building had seven cages.
The outdoor cages facing the house were about two feet wide, two feet long, and two feet high, and each contained a single adult Yorkshire Terrier. The indoor cage closest to the first kennel building described contained an adult Yorkshire Terrier mother with several Yorkshire Terrier puppies about six-weeks-old, two of which the owner took out of their cage to show to me.
The outdoor cages facing the opposite direction were about two feet wide, about four feet long, and about four feet high. One cage contained a Miniature Pinscher that appeared to be pregnant, and another two cages each contained an adult Maltese.
Each outdoor cage had pieces of shredded paper in it and covering the ground below it. There appeared to be more than a week’s accumulation of feces below each cage (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures). There was dirty buildup on the plastic siding that ran behind and under the outdoor cages, particularly closer to the ground (3.1(c)(2)-Surfaces). A six-foot-tall metal stepladder was against one of the outside caged facing the house (3.1(b)-Condition and site).
The indoor cages were each about two feet wide, three feet long, and three feet high. They had plastic walls and floorings and untreated, thick-gauge wire metal doors. Each cage had a heat lamp in it, and most of these lamps were on, except in the cage with the Yorkshire Terrier puppies. Each cage also had a lix-it style watering tube that fed into a plastic dish on the cage flooring, a plastic self-feeder attached to the door, and a layer of shredded paper about two inches thick on the flooring. Each self-feeder had a paper card with medical information about the dog inside its corresponding cage attached to each self-feeder with metal clips. There were also nine cards attached with metal clips to the inside of the door facing the direction of the first kennel building. The lights on the ceiling of the building were off at the time of investigation.
Another kennel building, within 30 feet of the second kennel building, was about 20 feet long and 10 feet wide and had seven outdoor cages on one side. Four of the cages, each about two feet wide, and four feet wide tall were raised about five feet above the ground on wooden stilts that supported a wooden frame underneath the cage floorings. These cages each housed an adult Yorkshire Terrier. The dirt ground below the cages was littered with shreds of paper and more than a week’s accumulation of feces (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).
Adjacent to these pens were three pens, each about four feet wide, six feet long, and four feet high, with treated-wire bottoms. These pens were raised about two feet off the ground on cinder blocks. The cage closest to the Yorkshire Terrier cages housed an adult Akita, the adjacent cage housed what was appeared to be an adult Labrador, and the third cage housed an adult Vizsla.
All three of these cages had several days’ accumulation of feces on their floorings. . The cage housing the Vizsla contained piles of feces, one about six inches high and six inches in diameter and another about a foot high and a foot in diameter (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).
More than 100 feet from the third kennel, and in the opposite direction from the house, was a kennel building about 20 feet long and 10 feet wide. The outdoor cages faced the house. These cages were about two feet wide, two feet long, and two feet high and raised about five feet above the ground. Each contained an adult Yorkshire Terrier. There was shredded paper littering the ground below the cages, but it could not be determined how much fecal accumulation there was on the ground.
There was another kennel building at the end of the property furthest from the house, about 30 feet long and ten feet wide, with one of its short sides facing the direction of the house. There were seven cages on each long side, with each cage being about four feet wide, six feet long, and four feet high. The cages were raised about four feet off the ground on wooden stilts that supported a wooden frame underneath the cage floorings. Each cage housed three to four dogs, including Poodles, King Charles Cavaliers, Miniature Pinschers, Pomeranians, and Yorkshire Terriers, grouped together by breed.
The cages on one side of the building had extra wire near the bottom of the walls, some of which was treated wire and some of which was untreated chicken wire, all of which ran about a foot high (3.6(a)(2)(xii)-Primary enclosures). In this row of cages, the cage furthest from the house had chicken wire set over the galvanized wire of its walls and housed three adult Yorkshire Terriers. In one section of this cage, the chicken wire was torn away to the extent that the dogs could reach their heads through the hole with jagged edges of wire (3.6)(a)(1)-Primary enclosures) (3.6)(a)(2)(i)(ii)(iii)-Primary enclosures). Bits of shredded paper covered the cage floorings, and the ground beneath each pen was littered with shredded paper and more than a weeks’ accumulation of feces (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).
Two other kennel buildings were near the far end of the property, within 100 feet of the fifth kennel building. Each was about 30 feet long and ten feet wide, and seven cages were visible on the long side of each building. These cages were about four feet wide, six feet long, and four feet high, and each housed two to three dogs of various breeds, including Yorkshire Terriers and Cocker Spaniels. There was shredded paper littering the ground below the cages, but it was difficult to determine the amount of fecal accumulation.
Breeds: Shiba Inus, Mixed breeds, Bichon Frises, Schnauzers
Craig Fedler had an indoor whelping building and an indoor breeder building. Both had a strong ammonia odor in them (3.2(b)-Ventilation).
There were about 20 cages in the whelping building. Each was elevated over concrete flooring and had plastic walls, wire doors, and wire floorings. There were several puppies or a whelping mother and puppies in each cage. An automatic water spigot and plastic self-feeder was attached to each cage.
Plastic sheeting below the cages was encrusted in feces and covered in more than 24 hours’ accumulation of feces (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).
One cage housed two Shiba Inu puppies about 12 weeks old, one of which was missing several toes from each of its rear legs. Mr. Fedler said the puppy’s legs had been caught behind a cage wall panel and that another dog chewed off the toes.
In two cages – each containing adult Bichon Frises – and in three cages – each containing a litter of puppies less than eight weeks old – there were small piles of dried feces covering the wire floorings (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures). Another cage housing a Shiba Inu puppy about 12 weeks old had small piles of feces on its flooring, feces mashed into a piece of carpet in the cage, and dried feces built up along the base of the walls of the cage(3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).
The puppy had heavily flaking skin; Mr. Fedler said he wasn’t sure how to treat it or what had caused it (2.40-Vet care).
In a cage housing a whelping Schnauzer mother and newborn puppies, there was a dead puppy in the whelping box with the rest of the litter. When the investigator pointed out the dead puppy to Mr. Fedler, he picked the puppy up and threw it in a plastic bucket near the kennel door (2.40-Vet care).
The breeder building contained 16 cages measuring about five feet wide, four feet long, and five feet high, with plastic walls and wire doors and floorings.. Each cage housed two to three adult Schnauzers, Shiba Inus, or Bichons. Each Shiba was about two feet long from the tip of its nose to the base of its tail (3.6(c)(1)(i)-Primary enclosures).
The cages were elevated over angled plastic sheets covered in fecal stains and small piles of dried feces (3.1(c)(3)-Cleaning of primary enclosures). The walls were covered in fecal stains (3.1(c)(3)-Cleaning).
There was an automatic water spigot and plastic self-feeder for each cage, and the feeders were all covered in a dirty build-up and pieces of fur (3.9(b)-Feeding). Pieces of fur and clumps of feces were hanging down from the floorings of every cage (3.1(c)(3)-Cleaning).
A Bichon housed in a cage with a Shiba Inu had small fur mats covering its body (2.40-Vet care). Two additional Bichons in two other cages had small, thick mats covering their bodies; the mats were particularly heavy on the dogs’ undersides (2.40-Vet care).
Breeds: West Highland Terriers, Shih Tzus, Australian Shepherds, Yorkshire Terriers, Cairn Terriers, Jack Russell Terriers
Beyer’s kennel had an indoor whelping room and several rows of outdoor enclosures.
All of the outdoor enclosures were elevated on wooden stilts. They consisted of wire cages connected to wooden boxes via doggie doors. The wooden beams framing the cages had peeling white paint (3.1(c)(2)-Surfaces)..There was more than a week’s accumulation of feces under each cage, covered with flies (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures); (3.11(d)-Pest control).
Two rows of these outdoor enclosures each consisted of three cages. Most of these pens housed two Australian Shepherds, one housed an Australian Shepherd and a Westie, and another housed a single Australian Shepherd puppy about three to four months old. Several of these cages had large gaps in the thick-gauge wire of their doors. In one, an Australian Shepherd had its head and neck completely outside the cage through a gap of the door (3.1(a)-Structure; construction).
This same row of cages had a variety of tools such as a garden hose and crowbars stored on top of its steel roof (3.1(b)-Condition and site).
There were about 12 smaller wire cages north of the Australian Shepherd structures. They were elevated with metal beams and also attached to wooden boxes. These cages each housed two smaller-breed dogs.
There was more than a week’s accumulation of feces under the cages, swarming with flies (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures); (3.11(d)-Pest control). The doggie doors of these cages lacked windbreaks (3.4(b)(3)-Shelter from the elements), and the metal roof over the row had bricks and wooden poles on top of it to keep it in place (3.1(a)-Structure; construction).
All of the outdoor cages had metal or plastic water dishes with a dingy, brown build-up on their inner and outer surfaces. The boxes at the backs of the dog houses also had brown stains and build-up on the walls around the doggie doors (3.1(c)(3)-Surfaces).
Shooting “non-producing” dogs
This conversation took place regarding Mr. Beyer’s shooting his dogs:
Investigator: “If you decide to cull ’em, or if you have to put ’em down, do you have to have a vet come out and do that?”
Mr. Beyer: “You’re supposed to.”
Investigator: “Nobody knows if you just?”
Mr. Beyer: “Right.”
Investigator: “Yeah, okay.”
Mr. Beyer: “I’ve never had a vet put one of my dogs down yet, so.”
Investigator: “Okay, yeah.”
Mr. Beyer: “You’re supposed to have a plan, and depending on the DHIA guy, uh, USDA guy that comes out and talks to you. Like he told my wife. He says, ‘I don’t want to hear that you’re gonna shoot ’em. You gotta have a plan. You know? And the plan is to have a vet come out and put them down. That’s the plan. But it never happens. So every year we have to cull some dogs, some of the older ones, some are non-producing. And as much as you hate to do it, I try to find homes for ’em. A lot of times these dogs are just like two to three years old…”
Investigator: “But you know what? Shooting a dog isn’t exactly inhumane.”
Mr. Beyer: “Right. Right. I’m really particular, you know if they’re still moving. I’ll shoot ’em three times just to make sure they’re dead dead. And there’s no pain. And usually that first time. And be really careful that first time that you don’t miss. It’s humane as any way that there is, it’s just more violent than what a lot of people wanna hear about.” (2.40-Vet care)
The whelping building appeared to be used exclusively for the smaller dogs. It contained five stacks of whelping cages containing expecting or nursing mothers with puppies. Each stack consisted of two cages, one on top of the other, with plastic trays underneath the floorings to catch feces and debris. Plastic self-feeders were attached to the walls, and plastic water dishes were on the treated-wire floorings.