There were about 80 dogs and at least two puppies at the kennel at the time of investigation.
There were two kennel areas on the property. The one closest to the owners’ house was a series of enclosures with indoor pens and outdoor runs connected by metal doggie-doors. The outdoor runs had concrete floors and chain link walls. Two pens each held a single Labrador, one pen held two Cocker Spaniels, and another held four Cocker Spaniels. There were two Corgis in a fourth pen, and three Corgis in the fifth pen.
There were several days’ accumulation of feces in the pens, most of it amassed in the corners (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures). Weeks’ accumulation of feces was built up outside the concrete slabs (3.1(f)-Drainage and waste disposal).
Each pen contained a plastic water bucket; one was tipped over (3.10-Watering).
The chain link had separated from its metal post at the top of one of the walls in a Cocker Spaniel pen and at the bottom of a wall in a Corgi pen, leaving sharp wire ends exposed (3.1(a)-Structure; construction). In the Corgi pen, these wire ends protruded into the kennel (3.1(c)(1)(ii)-Surfaces).
This particular Corgi pen was on the corner of the kennel building, and instead of having an indoor enclosure that was part of the building like the other pens, the three Corgis had a single dog house with a metal doggie-door attached to it.
Second kennel area
The other kennel structure was a metal building with about ten whelping cages along one side and another ten enclosures with indoor/outdoor cages on the opposite side. There were two to four dogs per cage.
All of the cages were raised about four feet above the ground. They had wire walls, tops, and floorings and were framed at the corners with plastic beams. Each had a plastic self-feeder attached to the cage wall. The concrete floor had fecal accumulation (3.11-Cleaning of primary enclosures).
Supplies such as dog carriers and plastic dishes were stored on top of some of the cages (3.1(b)-Condition and site). Old food bags, crates, and cleaning supplies were piled up in the middle of the kennel room (3.1(b)-Condition and site).
Breeds: Beagles, Shelties, Pembroke Welsh Corgis, Akita, German Shepherds, Shiba Inus, Pugs, Keeshounds, Dachshunds, Pomeranians, Mixed breeds
The kennel design was identical to that described in CAPS USDA report dated 9/12/06. Most of the violations noted in that report still existed in the second CAPS inspection. Access to the kennel was almost exclusively around outdoor enclosures.
The outdoor Beagle pen at the northeast corner of the kennel had several days of fecal accumulation in them, a repeat violation noted on 9/12/06 (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures). The dog house in the pen had a windbreak on it that was shredded in half (3.4(b)(3)-Shelter from the elements).
Days of feces were mashed into the concrete floorings of the outdoor pens adjacent to the Beagle Pen described above (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures). Windbreaks were either nonexistent or in tatters on the doggie-doors at the back of each pen that accessed an indoor area of a building next to the runs (3.4(b)(3)-Shelter from the elements).
A pen holding two Shiba Inus had broken wire at the top of its east wall, creating sharp points (3.1(c)(1)(i)-Surfaces). The adjacent pen west of the Shiba Inu pen held four Shelties, one of which had thick mats covering its fur (2.40-Vet care).
Two St. Bernards were in one of the outdoor pens, and as noted in CAPS USDA report 9/12/06, the dogs were able to stand up and lean their front legs completely over their wire fencing (3.1(a)-Structure; construction).
The westernmost pen, adjacent to the St. Bernard pen, held two German Shepherds. A puddle of brown, standing water about four feet wide and long was in the middle of the pen amidst mashed piles of feces (3.1(f)-Drainage and waste disposal).
Outdoor whelping runs
Free-standing outdoor enclosures with wire walls framed with molding wood covered in peeling paint (3.1(c)(2)-Surfaces) stood south of the main whelping buildings on the property. The enclosures were used to hold a single whelping large-breed mother and puppies. One pen contained a St. Bernard mother and puppy, and another held an Akita mother and four puppies. Both pens had no windbreaks on their dog houses (3.4(b)(3)-Shelter from the elements). The wooden surfaces of the dog houses were worn, chewed, and peeling paint, and a thick layer of feces was coating the house floors (3.1(c)(2)-Surfaces; 3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures). These violations of these same pens were noted in CAPS USDA report 9/12/06.
Feces covered every inch of the two pens’ concrete floorings, so that there was no area for the dogs or puppies to walk or lie down without being in contact with wet or dried excrement (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures). The food and water dishes were placed on the ground and not in a manner so as to minimize contamination by excreta or pests. The dishes all had rusty, dingy surfaces, and the water in both pens was a cloudy brown color (3.9(b)-Feeding; 3.10-Watering).
The wire fencing for the pens had large gaps in it, enabling the St. Bernard mother to stick her head completely through, and one of the Akita puppies to walk out of twice in a row (3.1(a)-Structure; construction).
Kennel building with stacked pens
The kennel building next to the outdoor whelping pens was of the same design as noted in CAPS USDA report 9/12/06. There were four outdoor runs with four cages elevated above them, allowing feces to fall into the runs. Over 24 hours of fecal accumulation was in the northern pens, and the southern pens held German Shepherds with several days of feces covering their floorings (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).
Breeds: Beagles, Shelties, Pembroke Welsh Corgis, Akita, German Shepherds, Shiba Inus, Pugs, Keeshounds, Dachshunds, Pomeranians, Mixed breeds
Van Wyk’s property contained a variety of indoor and outdoor kennel structures.
The first set of enclosures was a series of small dog pens. One was an outdoor enclosure that housed two Beagles. This pen had a wire wall surrounding it, with concrete flooring and a wooden dog house. The dog house had a torn and shredded windbreak for a doggie door (3.4(b)(3)-Shelter from the elements). More than a week’s accumulation of fecal matter was on the flooring (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).
A building adjacent to the outdoor Beagle pen had nine concrete runs along one of the building’s sides. Each run was surrounded by wire walls, and dog doors in the building wall allowed access from each run to an indoor pen. Two smaller pens each housed three Beagles, five longer pens each housed two dogs that were Sheltie/Corgi mix, and the final pen housed three St. Bernards.
The windbreaks on the doggie door openings were ripped to tatters (3.4(b)(3)-Shelter from the elements). More than a week’s accumulation of feces was present in each outdoor run (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).
The St. Bernard pen was about 12 feet wide and long. The walls were made of thick wire, but they were only about three feet high. On one side of this pen, two wire sections had been turned sideways and tied to the wall. The corners faced towards the ground and sky, so that this six-foot section of the pen had a wall height of more than five feet. Along all other parts of this pen, the St. Bernards were able to stand up and extend their upper bodies and front legs completely over the wall. It seemed that it would take little effort for the dogs to jump out of the enclosure (3.1(a)-Structure; construction).
In addition to the St. Bernards’ dog door, there was an additional opening in the metal wall of the building for the pen’s inside enclosure. The opening was about 1.5 feet wide and four feet high, and was located next to the corner of the building. The opening’s longer side opposite the building corner had a jagged piece of metal sticking into the outside dog pen (3.1(c)(ii)-Surfaces).
Another outdoor pen next to the St. Bernard pen housed two Akitas. The pen had concrete flooring and thick-gauge wire walls three feet high, with a wooden dog house inside. The Akitas were able to stand up with their front legs over the top of the fence and lean the tops of their bodies completely over the wire (3.1(a)-Structure; construction).
Across from the St. Bernard pen was a small building with five elevated indoor/outdoor cages on each of two sides of the building. The treated wire cages housed two to three small dogs of various breeds per cage. A week’s accumulation of fecal matter was present on the concrete under each cage (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).
On the side of the small-dog building, facing away from the St. Bernard pen, were two outdoor German Shepherd enclosures housing one dog per pen. The pens had wire walls, concrete floorings, a wooden dog house, and about a week’s accumulation of feces on the ground (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).
Both of the dog houses had hinged metal and wood doors and a brown build-up on their surfaces (3.1(c)(3)-Cleaning).
One of the house’s doors was wide open, revealing inside surfaces that were scratched and covered in peeling red paint (3.1(c)(2)-Surfaces).
There were metal self feeders were the wire walls, and rusting water dishes were on the ground. One Shepherd was able to stick its head completely through a gap in the pen’s wire wall (3.1(a)-Structure, construction).
Kennel building with stacked pens
In between the row of outdoor pens and the Beagle/Sheltie pens was a kennel building with the outdoor portion of small-dog cages elevated above the outdoor portion of large-dog pens. The small-dog cages were constructed with wooden frames and treated wire, and each housed one to three small-breed dogs. The larger pens housed one to two large-breed dogs such as Akitas, German Shepherds, and St. Bernards.
Feces from the upper cages fell onto the concrete floorings of the four large-dog pens below, so that the lower pen floorings were covered in trampled feces. The dogs had no place to lie down without being in the feces. A flooring of a pen containing a single Shepherd did not have a single square inch that wasn’t covered in feces (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).
The lower pens had thick-gauge wire walls and wooden frames with peeling paint and algae build-up on them (3.1(c)(2)-Surfaces).
The upper and lower pens had dog doors providing access to inside enclosures. The inside small and large dog cages were made with wire and plastic walls framed with wood. Plastic and metal self-feeders were on the cage walls. The wooden beams had peeling paint, and the plastic back walls of the cages were covered in dark stains and smeared feces (3.1(c)(2)-Surfaces; 3.1(c)(3)-Cleaning).
One of the inside small-dog cages was about two feet high and had less than six inches of head room for the three dogs inside, a Pug, a Shiba Inu, and what appeared to be a Shiba Inu-German Shepherd mix (3.6(c)(1)(iii) Primary enclosures).
The indoor large-dog pens were about three feet long and four feet wide. A pen housing a Shepherd and Keeshound did not appear to have enough space for the dogs to lie down in a normal manner without being in contact with each other (3.4(b)-Shelter from the elements). These pens were only about 2.5 feet high, so the Shepherds and Akitas stood taller than the indoor cages (3.6(c)(1)(iii)-Primary enclosures).
Fecal stains covered the concrete floorings and plastic walls of the large-dog cages (3.1(c)(3)-Cleaning).
Plastic buckets were hung from the cage walls, and metal food dishes were on the floorings. The food dishes were not placed so as to minimize contamination by excreta or pests (3.9(b)-Feeding). The water buckets had chewed edges and scratched surfaces, and the indentions were filled with a brown and white residue (3.10-Watering).
A single puppy cage on the opposite side of the building was about two feet high and wide and about 4.5 feet long and housed three Shepherd puppies and one St. Bernard puppy. These puppies were about two feet long from the tip of their noses to the base of their tails. The puppies were overcrowded and lacked six inches of head room when they stood in a normal manner (3.6(c)(1)(i); 3.6(c)(1)(iii)-Primary enclosures). This cage had treated wire and a wooden frame with peeling paint. A stack of newspapers, a bucket, and a dust pan were stored next to the cage (3.1(b)-Condition and site).
The whelping building had about 20 indoor/outdoor cages and about 40 inside cages. Some cages contained a whelping mother and puppies; others contained two to three breeders. One of outdoor wire cages was framed with wood with peeling paint (3.1(c)(2)-Surfaces). Two cages had rakes hanging from their outside doors. More than a week’s accumulation of feces was under each cage (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosure).
There were two whelping rooms, one that was completely dark (3.2(c)-Lighting) and one with several heat lamps turned on.
The whelping cages were made with treated wire and plastic walls framed with PVC. Plastic sheets under these cages caught feces and debris and had thick feces stains on them (3.1(c)(2)-Surfaces).
Plastic self feeders were attached to the walls, and water spigots were run into each cage. The plastic walls of the cages were covered in fecal stains (3.1(c)(3)-Cleaning).
Two additional outdoor pens were located near the side of the small dog/large dog building. These two pens appeared unoccupied. Their wire walls were framed by wooden beams with peeling paint. Each pen had a wooden doghouse lacking a windbreak, and about 80% of the pen’s floorings were covered in feces that appeared old and rained on (3.1(b)-Condition and site).
A row of about ten Akita pens was located away from the other facilities at one end of the property. The pens had concrete runs with wire walls doghouses, a metal roof covering the doghouses and about five feet of the rear of each pen. There were one or two dogs per pen: one contained a mother and her four nursing puppies and another had an Akita and St. Bernard.
All of the pens had metal self feeders and plastic water buckets attached to their walls, and there was several days’ accumulation of feces trampled on the floorings (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).
The ground within a 20-foot area of the front of the enclosures was soaked with watery feces. It appeared that feces had been washed out of the pens onto the ground repeatedly and had accumulated for quite some time. A concrete gutter in front of the pens was covered with feces residue (3.1(f)-Drainage and waste disposal).
The entire kennel area was fly-ridden (3.11(d)-Pest control).
There were about 3 dogs and 12 eight-week old puppies on the property at the time of investigation.
The kennel building was a single-story barn, accessed by a doorway on one side. Next to the doorway was a window with no glass or covering over it at all, allowing two dogs in a pen just below the window to be exposed to the weather (3.1(a)-Structure;construction); (3.6(a)(vi)-Primary enclosures).
There was no evident heating or cooling system in the barn (3.2(a)-Indoor housing facilities).
There were indoor/outdoor enclosures installed along two sides of the barn. Metal doggie-doors connecting the two portions of these enclosures had a dirty build-up on them and rusting hinges (3.1(c)(1); (3.1(c)(1)(i)-Surfaces).
The outdoor cages were constructed of wood and untreated, rusting, thin-gauge metal wire (3.1(c)(1)(i) Surfaces) (3.6(a)(2)(xii)-Primary enclosures).
The wire flooring of each pen was partially covered with a rubber mat with small holes. The puppies’ legs fell through the wire flooring not covered by a mat (3.6(a)(2)(x)-Primary enclosures).
One cage containing two adult Lhasas had a plastic sheet over half of its floor; this sheet was covered with fecal stains and some feces (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).
Under the four occupied cages was months’ accumulation of feces, piled up to within two inches of the floorings of the cages (raised about a foot above the ground). In one case, the feces mound reached the flooring of the cage above it (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).
The cage floorings sagged in the middle; one cage flooring had completely fallen out and rubber mats were covering the bottom of this cage (3.1(a)-Structure; construction).
In some cages, the wire floorings and walls did not meet the next cage wall, so that a gap existed with sharp points of wire bent inwards towards the pens (3.1(c)(1)(ii)-Surfaces).
The back walls of the outdoor pens were made of wooden beams covered in peeling paint (3.1(c)(2)-Surfaces).
The indoor pens had plastic and wooden floorings and wooden walls. Half of the pens had rubber mats for walls opposite the doggie-door. The surfaces of the indoor pens all had a dirty build-up on them (3.1(c)(3)-Surfaces).
Feces was piled up in the corners and crevices of one of the puppy pens (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).
The walls of the pens were painted white, though most of the paint was scratched off; and scratch marks were evident along the walls and near the doggie-doors. The marks themselves were darker than the rest of the wood, indicative of dirt build-up inside them (3.1(c)(1)(2)-Surfaces).
Three other puppy pens that had wooden floorings had feces accumulation on the pen floorings. One pen had a thick layer of feces that appeared to be at least several days old covering almost a third of the pen floor (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).
Plastic feeders and water bottles were hung from the pen walls. The feeders had a scum build-up of scum inside them (3.9(b)-Feeding).
Plastic sheeting that was positioned along the kennel floor about six inches out from each pen was smeared with feces (3.1(c)(1)-Surfaces).
Two puppies were loose in the walkway of the kennel, with no apparent way to get back into their pens and with no food or water available to them (3.1(a)-Structure, construction); (3.9(a)-Feeding), (3.10-Watering).
Two inside pens contained a variety of junk, including carpets, feed bags, a hammer, metal wiring, rubber mats, straw, plastic and metal feeders and water bottles, and a metal coffee can (3.1(e)-Storage). All of the materials were covered in cobwebs, as were the corners and crevices of the ceiling of the kennel (3.1(c)(3)-Surfaces).
Breeds: Poodles, Shih Tzus, Maltese, Cocker Spaniels, Cavalier King Charles Spaniels, Pekingese, Golden Retrievers, Chihuahuas
Squaw Creek Kennels consisted of a variety of different buildings and outdoor runs on several locations next to each other on Cherry St. I did not observe all of the kennel enclosures on the different properties, however. There was a large kennel area at Van Doorn’s house and two others on the opposite side of Cherry St.
First kennel building
The first kennel structure investigated was a building that housed two rows of six elevated indoor/outdoor enclosures located at opposite sides of the building. The outside cages had thin-gauge wire doors (untreated), thin-gauge wire walls (treated), and rusting thick-gauge wire floors (untreated) (3.1(c)(1)(i)-Surfaces). PVC piping framed the cages. There were two to four small-breed dogs per cage.
Metal dog doors provided access to the indoor cages. Brown stains and build-up were evident on the doors and the plastic sheeting of the walls around the doors (3.1(c)(2)-Surfaces).
The indoor cages measured about two cubic feet and had thick plastic cage-like walls that were difficult to see through. Cages containing three or more dogs did not appear to have enough space to allow all of the dogs to be in one of the indoor cages at once and lie down without being on top of each other or to be able to turn about freely (3.4(b)-Shelter from the elements).
The cages were above a concrete slab, and feces and fur had accumulated where the building walls and slab met underneath the cages and was splattered on the walls (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).
Indoor whelping cages
Inside this building there were three rows of whelping cages stacked on each other. Three wire cages were in each row. The cages were two feet tall and wide and 2.5 feet long, and each housed a nursing mother and several puppies.
These cages were made entirely of untreated, thin-gauge wire, including the floorings (3.6(a)(2)(xii)-Primary enclosures). There were plastic self feeders attached to the cage walls, water dishes on the floorings, metal trays lined with towels for whelping boxes, and plastic sheets under the floorings of cages stacked on top of each other to catch debris and excreta.
A large metal barn was 20 feet from the first kennel described above. On the barn wall facing the first structure were two separate rows of six elevated indoor/outdoor enclosures. They were of the same design and structure as the indoor/outdoor enclosures previously described and housed two or three dogs per cage.
One enclosure, containing a black Shih Tzu and an apricot Poodle, had one of its side walls detached from its top rear corner in the outside cage section. The wire was bent so that sharp points protruded into the cage (3.1(a)-Structure; construction).
There were brown stains and build-up on the dog doors and plastic walls at the backs of the cages (3.1(c)(2)-Surfaces).
Golden Retriever and Small Breed pens Also in this barn, which was open on the side facing the first kennel building, were elevated cages and indoor pens on concrete floorings. The elevated cages had treated-wire walls and floorings, were framed with PVC piping, and had metal dog doors at the rears of each cage for access to additional parts of the enclosures. There were two to four dogs of various small breeds per cage.
The dog doors and rear walls of the cages had brown stains and build-up on their surfaces (3.1(c)(2)-Surfaces)..
A strong ammonia odor was evident in the building (3.2(b)-Ventilation).
The three pens on concrete each housed two Golden Retriever puppies about 12-weeks-old. The pens had galvanized-wire walls and wooden dog houses inside.
The surfaces of the dog houses were heavily chewed and covered in fecal stains (3.2(c)(2)-Surfaces). The concrete floorings were also stained brown. There was feces and fur accumulation in the corners, along the bottoms of the dog houses, and scattered and smeared around the pens (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).
Additional Golden Retriever pens
Two large outdoor pens, each housing four adult Golden Retrievers, were between the shed and kennel barn. The pens were about ten feet wide and 20 feet long, had galvanized-wire walls, metal feeders attached to the walls, and water buckets on the ground.
The kennel area nearest Van Doorn’s residence consisted of several buildings and rows of enclosures, and I was able to see only part of this complex.
A room in a whelping building had two rows of eight indoor cages, one on top of the other with plastic sheeting between the rows to catch debris and excreta. The bottom row of cages had treated-wire walls and floorings. The upper row of cages had plastic walls and stainless steel wire doors. There was a whelping mother and puppies in each cage.
The floorings were a thick-gauge metal wire and had feces packed in the wiring (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).
Each cage contained a metal food and water dish. The water looked light brown, and several of the water dishes had dead flies in them (3.10-Watering).
There were several other whelping rooms in this building with similar whelping cages; we did not view them.
One of Van Doorn’s employees led me outside to several Maltese cages. In addition, there were three trailers converted into dog kennels that had rows of indoor/outdoor enclosures on their longer walls. This facility was within about 100 feet of Van Doorn’s house and on the same side of Cherry St. as his residence.
One of these trailers. had a row of about ten elevated cages with thin-gauge wire walls and floorings of untreated, rusty thicker wire (3.1(c)(1)(i)-Surfaces). Each cage housed three dogs of various breeds, including Maltese, Yorkshire Terriers, and Shih Tzus.
Many of the dogs had mats in their fur that were especially heavy around their faces, paws, and undersides (2.40-Vet care).
Rusting tin cans were filled with dingy brown water on the cage floorings (3.10-Watering).
Metal dog doors allowed access to indoor cages. The dog doors and the walls around them had brown stains and dirty build-up on their surfaces (3.1(c)(2)-Surfaces).
Near this trailer was a second trailer also with elevated outside cages of similar design but framed by PVC piping instead of wood. Each housed two to four dogs of various small breeds.
There were other elevated cages across from the Maltese/Shih Tzu/Yorkshire Terrier cages. These cages had untreated, rusting, thin-gauge wire walls and treated, thick-gauge wire floorings. Each cage was about three feet long and two feet tall and two feet wide and housed a Terrier that was about 2.5 feet long from the tip of its nose to the base of its tail (3.6(c)(1)(i)-Primary enclosures).
Several of the dogs lacked six inches of space between the tops of their heads and the tops of their cages (3.6(c)(1)(iii)-Primary enclosures). The dogs’ toenails were about four times as long as normal and completely protruded through the wire flooring (2.40-Vet care).
Metal dog doors attached to plastic-covered walls allowed access to indoor cages. The doors and walls around them were covered in a grimy build-up that was so thick it was black in some places (3.1(c)(2)-Surfaces).
Uitermarkt’s facility had one primary kennel: a barn with eight whelping pens along one wall and eight indoor pens with doggie doors accessing outdoor runs on the opposite wall. The outdoor runs had galvanized-wire walls, metal roofs, and concrete floorings. Each pen housed two adult Shelties, one of which continually turned in counterclockwise circles (2.40-Vet care).
Feces and hair had accumulated on the ground in shallow pools outside of the runs, as though the debris and excrement had been spray-washed from the runs. There appeared to be months’ accumulation of feces pooled in the grass (3.1(f)-Drainage and waste disposal); (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).
The indoor pens and whelping pens had concrete floorings and galvanized-wire walls. Feces stains covered the floors, and bits of feces and fur clumps littered the dirt walkway separating the adult pens from the whelping pens (3.1(c)(3)-Cleaning); (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).
Food and water dishes on the floorings were not positioned in a manner that would minimize contamination by excreta or pests (3.9(b)-Feeding).
Only one of the whelping pens was occupied. This pen housed a Sheltie mother and her seven puppies.
A wooden box for containing the puppies had newspaper covered in bits of feces and urine on its floor (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).
The box itself, as well as the floor and solid walls of the enclosure, was covered in fecal stains. There was compressed fecal build-up on the enclosure floor up to a quarter inch thick (3.1(c)(3)-Surfaces).
Three metal water dishes in the pen had a dirty build-up on their surfaces (3.11(b)(2)-Sanitization). There were no food dishes (3.9(a)-Feeding).
Near the pens was a single wooden box, about five feet long and four feet wide and four feet high with a roof that had two open windows covered with metal wire. The windows, one about two feet wide and high, and the other about two feet wide and six inches tall, offered little light and ventilation for the box (3.2(b)-Ventilation).
The inside of this box was visible only from within six inches of one of the windows (3.2(c)-Lighting).
Inside, there was a single adult Sheltie on a flooring of newspaper scraps and weeks of feces accumulation (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).
Two empty metal dishes on the floor were not placed in a manner that would minimize contamination by excreta or pests (3.9(b)-Feeding).
Near another structure housing pigs, a single male adult Sheltie was tied to a tree with a five-foot-long leash (3.6(c)(4)-Prohibited means of primary enclosure).
The dog had no food, and a nearby water dish that Mr. Uitermarkt said was for water was completely empty. He did not fill it while we talked; he did so only after I turned to leave the premises (3.9(a)-Feeding); (3.10-Watering).
Dereck and Sarah Tuntland’s kennel consisted of three buildings with indoor/outdoor enclosures.
The kennel building closest to Elmwood Ave. was about 10 feet wide and 18 feet long. It had five indoor/outdoor adjacent cages in a row on each long side. Walls and peaked roof were made of white-painted metal. Each outdoor cage was about two feet wide, three feet long, two feet high and had metal-sheeting side walls and treated-wire roof, door, and flooring. Metal doggie-doors accessed indoor cages. Each cage housed one to two adult Corgis.
These outdoor cages were raised about three feet above the concrete flooring on white metal stilts that supported a white metal frame under the cages. More than 24 hours’ accumulation of feces was piled up to four inches high in the center of the concrete area under each cage. The feces was scattered the width and length of the area (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).
A similar kennel building was about 15 feet wide and 30 feet long with outdoor cages of similar construction as those of the first building. These cages measured about 1.5 feet wide, three feet long, and two feet high. These units also had more than 24 hours’ accumulation of feces under them, scattered across concrete flooring (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures). Large amounts of feces and hair were clinging to, and hanging down from, the wire floorings of the cages (3.1(c)(3)-Surfaces).
A similar third kennel building was about 20 feet wide and 40 feet long. It had indoor and outdoor pens joined by metal doggie doors that were covered in dirty build-up (3.1(c)(3)- Surfaces).
Each long side of this building had about eight adjacent outdoor pens with concrete flooring. These pens were about five feet wide and ten feet long with six-foot-high, rusting, thin-gauge wire walls framed by thin metal beams (3.1(c)(1)(i)-Surfaces).
Breeds: Cairn Terriers, West Highland Terriers, Boston Terriers, Miniature Poodles, Standard Poodles, English Bulldogs, English Mastiffs, Pembroke Welsh Corgis, Shih Tzus, Chihuahuas, Dachshunds, Cavalier King Charles Spaniels, Pugs, Cocker Spaniels, Bichon Frises, Silky Terriers, and mixed breeds
Mohrfeld had two kennel buildings: one housing breeders and older puppies and one holding puppies at eight weeks of age. There was also an outdoor pen connected to an indoor kennel via a doggie-door.
Breeder/older puppy building
The breeder building was an indoor facility with three rows of cages raised on stilts, made with wooden frames and wire walls and floorings. Each cage was about four feet wide, four feet long, and four feet high, and there were about a dozen cages per row. Automatic water spigots and plastic self-feeders were attached to each cage.
These cages housed dogs and puppies of a variety of breeds. In the first row of cages, each cage contained up to five small dogs per cage, with each dog being up to 18 inches long from the tip of its nose to the base of its tail (3.6(c)(1)(i)-Primary enclosures).
Inside the building was a very strong ammonia odor (3.2(b)-Ventilation).
All of the cages had residue of feces and fur on the cage frame and surfaces (3.1(c)(3)-Surfaces).
One cage, housing four dogs of various breeds, had a white Poodle with thick mats covering its fur (2.40-Vet care). Another cage housed four white Poodles with thick mats throughout their fur (2.40-Vet care). One Pekingese in a cage of four had blue and red ulcer veins visible on both of its eyes (2.40-Vet care).
In another row of cages there were several overcrowded pens each housing up to five dogs that were 1.5 feet long (3.6(c)(1)(i)-Primary enclosures). Another cage housed two Mastiff puppies, each about three feet long from the tip of its nose to the base of its tail (3.6(c)(1)(i)-Primary enclosures). Yet another cage housed a three-foot-long Cocker Spaniel; two more cages each housed Bull Mastiffs that were about 3.5 feet long and tall and lacking six inches of space from the tops of their heads to the top of their cage. Yet another housed a three-foot-long Corgi (3.6(c)(1)(i)-Primary enclosures). Without walking down the third row of cages, it was possible to see one cage in that row housed a Mastiff puppy about three feet long (3.6(c)(1)(i)-Primary enclosures).
Young puppy building
The other kennel building had a single room with three rows of four wire cages. Each cage was about 2.5 feet wide, 2.5 feet long, and two feet high. About nine of the cages housed eight-week old puppies of various breeds.
There were three to five puppies per cage, with each puppy being up to ten inches long from the tip of its nose to the base of its tail (3.6(c)(1)(i)-Primary enclosures).
Another cage housed four Shih Tzus each about ten inches long; these dogs didn’t have room to lie down without being in contact with each other (3.6(c)(1)(i)-Primary enclosures). Another held three Boston Terriers of about the same size (3.6(c)(1)(i)-Primary enclosures).
The outdoor pen with wire walls and dirt flooring was about 60 feet long and 60 feet wide. This pen had access to the inside of a metal barn and contained a Standard Poodle and three English Bulldog/Bull Mastiff-mix dogs. The Poodle’s fur had yellow-brown stains and was covered in mats (2.40-Vet care).
Breeds: Dachshunds, Shiba Inus, Beagles, Weimereiners, Vizlas, Hounds, Chihuahuas, Bichons
A man who identified himself as Shorty Moeller showed me the kennel located on the east side of 250th Ave in West Point, IA, just south of Highway 16. The indoor kennel building had about 40 elevated cages made with plastic walls and wire doors and floorings. Each cage housed either a nursing mother and puppies or two to three adult breeders. The whelping cages had plastic boxes in them to contain the puppies while nursing. An automatic water spigot and plastic self-feeder was attached to each cage.
Hunting dog kennel
The sheltered building housed hunting dogs and had two separate sections. In one section there was a row of about ten cages elevated on wooden stilts, with wooden frames and plastic grating for walls and flooring. Each cage housed two adult dogs, either Beagles, Hounds, Weimaraners, or Vizlas. Water dishes and plastic self feeders were in each cage.
There was several days’ accumulation of feces under each cage; feces also was piled nearly foot deep on the wire floorings of several of the cages.
The second kennel section included six cages on concrete floorings with chain link walls. Each pen housed two adult hunting dogs, either Weimereiners, Hounds, Beagles, or Vizlas, and included self-feeders, water dishes, and plastic dog houses.
These pen floorings were completely coated in feces, with not a square inch of floor space clean.
Further, all of the dog houses were coated in dried feces.
The sheltered building also housed cattle between the two kennel areas within the structure.
Breeds: German Shepherds.
The kennel property consisted of the same structures and design as at the Jordan Kruse facility, although at this facility I was able to observe the indoor whelping area as well.
The main building contained ten indoor/outdoor pens in a row along one side of the building and two pens on another wall of the building. One of these two pens was connected to an indoor whelping enclosure. Each of the outdoor pens was about four feet wide and eight feet long and had six-foot-high chain-link walls and a doggie door accessing the indoor pen. Each housed a single adult German Shepherd weighing about 60 pounds.
Months’ accumulation of feces was washed onto the grass just beyond the concrete flooring, in piles and spread over an area six feet beyond the flooring (3.1(f)-Drainage and waste disposal).
Metal self-feeders were attached to the indoor cage walls. Each inside pen also contained a five-gallon plastic bucket near a chain-link door. All of the buckets contained dark brown water, and the surfaces of the buckets were covered in brown stains and bits of feces (3.10-Watering).
Several days’ accumulation of feces was trampled across the concrete floorings of each indoor pen. When asked how often he cleaned the indoor pens, Larry Moeller said, “I wash this thing down two times a week.” (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures )
The whelping pen contained a pregnant Shepherd. The indoor pen had a wooden ledge along each wall, about three inches high from the concrete floor to provide cover for the puppies. Wooden shavings filled the pen.
There was a concrete floor slab near the corner of the building between this pen and the others. It had a sunken area two foot wide and two feet long through which runoff from the inside pens drained. This concrete draining area was filled with feces and hair (3.1(f)-Drainage and waste disposal).
A solitary enclosure and separate dog house, each with a German Shepherd tethered near them (3.6(c)(4)-Prohibited means of primary enclosure), were not in use at the time of investigation. A loose male Shepherd was in the yard.