The white-metal main building of Sandy Moeller’s kennel was fully enclosed and about 15 feet wide and 40 feet long. It was accessible through a door on each of its shorter sides. There were ten indoor/outdoor pens in a row on the side facing away from 110th Street, which accessed the property. Each of the outdoor pens was about four feet wide and eight feet long. They had six-foot-high chain-link walls and had a doggie door. Each housed a single adult German Shepherd weighing about 60 pounds.
The floors of the outside pens were concrete and smeared with several days’ accumulation of feces (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures). There were accumulations of feces more than two inches thick in the grass just beyond the concrete flooring (3.11(c)-Housekeeping for premises).
Each outside pen contained a five-gallon plastic bucket near the chain link wall furthest from the indoor kennel wall. All of the buckets contained brown and green water so murky that visibility was obscured at least two inches down (3.10-Watering).
Metal self-feeders contained only a couple inches of food in them or no food at all (3.9(a)-Feeding). One feeder had fallen to the concrete flooring (3.9(b)-Feeding).
There were two similar pens on the short side of the building facing away from the house. One housed a single adult German Shepherd and had several days’ accumulation of feces smeared on the ground (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures). There was dingy brown water in the water bucket in this pen (3.10-Watering).
A concrete slab near the corner of the building extended out from the building and separated this pen from the others. It had a sunken area two foot wide and two feet long that collected drainage from the inside pens through a floor drain in the building near that corner. This concrete draining area was filled with feces and hair and covered in dozen of flies (3.1(f)-Drainage and waste disposal).
Solitary German Shepard enclosure
A single German Shepherd was by itself in a pen adjacent to a barn furthest from the property access road. The pen was about ten feet wide and 15 feet long. The concrete flooring had two cracks running the entire length of the pen (3.1(c)(2)-Maintenance and replacement of surfaces). It was surrounded by rusty, thick-gauge wire only three feet tall (3.1(a)-Structure; construction) (3.1(c)(1)(i)-Surfaces). A wooden board about 10 feet long and 1.5 feet wide was leaning against one side of the pen (3.1(b)-Condition and site).
The German Shepherd had a rusty metal chain about 15 feet long attached to a choke collar around its neck. The other end of the chain was attached to a four-foot-tall metal pole set outside of the pen inches from one of its wire walls (3.1(a)-Structure; construction) (3.1(c)(1)(i)-Surfaces) (3.6(c)(4)-Prohibited means of primary enclosure).
The pen contained two plastic dog houses, one about 2.5 feet square and 2.5 feet high and the other an igloo-type dog house about 2.5 feet wide and high. Neither was as tall or long as the German Shepherd in the pen, and neither appeared large enough to allow the dog to turn around freely in it without rubbing up against the sides of the dog house (3.4(b)-Shelter from the elements).
A football-sized chunk of concrete and a rusty metal trough 1.5 feet wide and six feet long were inside the pen leaning against the adjacent barn wall that served as one of the pen walls (3.1(c)(1)(i)-Surfaces) (3.1(b)-Condition and site).
There were four metal food and water dishes on the ground of the pen that were not placed so as to minimize contamination by excreta (3.9(b)-Feeding). Three-foot-high weeds were growing next to the fence on two sides of the pen (3.11(c)-Housekeeping for premises).
Single pen attached to smaller barn A pen about 10 feet wide and 20 feet long had four-foot-high thick-gauge wire walls on three sides. The fourth side of the pen was a wooden barn about 10 feet wide and 10 feet long with an open doorway accessing the pen. The barn had concrete flooring and no lighting inside (3.3(c)-Lighting).
Thinner wire, two feet high, was attached to the inside of the wire walls of this pen. Weeds two to five feet high covered half of the dirt flooring of the pen (3.11(c)-Housekeeping for premises). This pen had an adult female German Shepherd with enlarged breasts.
Additional dog house
About three feet from the short wire wall of the single pen was an igloo-type dog house about three feet wide and tall with no windbreak on its entrance (3.4(b)(3)-Shelter from the elements). A 35 lb. German Shepherd puppy wearing a choke collar with a tag was chained to a corner of the wire pen described above with a ten-foot-length of chain (3.6(c)(4)-Prohibited means of primary enclosure).
There was no surrounding enclosure for the puppy (3.1(a)-Structure; construction). A plastic five-gallon water bucket just outside the pen had dark brown water (3.10-Watering).
Breeds: Yorkshire Terriers, Clumber Spaniels, Boxers, Miniature Pinschers
Yorkshire Terrier breeder
Miller brought out a female Yorkshire Terrier breeder to show to me before I observed the kennel. This dog had a thick black plaque on its teeth and two yellow, cauliflower-like growths on its gums (2.40-Vet care). Miller claimed the dog was only “a couple years old.” When Miller set the dog on the ground, it hunched down and didn’t move but just looked from side to side.
Building with indoor/outdoor cages
This building was originally described in the investigation report dated 9/30/04. It is a wooden structure with two rows, four cages each, on top of each other along two walls of the building. The cages had walls and floorings of rusting, treated and untreated thin-gauge metal wire (3.6(a)(2)(xii)-Primary enclosures); (3.1(c)(1)(i)-Surfaces). The walls separating the outdoor cages were plastic, and there were trays below the cages to catch debris. Each cage housed one or two adult dogs of various breeds, including Miniature Pinschers, Yorkshire Terriers, and Airedale Terriers.
Dog doors connected the indoor and outdoor cages. The walls and floorings of the indoor cages were plastic, except for the walls facing the hallway. These indoor cage walls were made of untreated, thin-gauge wire; some were covered with a second layer of treated wire.
One pen housing two Miniature Pinschers had feces and debris built up in its corners; Bits of feces had splattered over one wall (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).
Five outdoor pens with thick-gauge wire walls and rock floorings were next to the kennel building. Each housed two adult dogs of various breeds, including Boxers, White German Shepherds, and Swiss Mountain Dogs.
Each pen contained a dog house, and one Boxer pen contained two dog houses. One pen housed two White German Shepherds, and another pen housed two Boxers – these dogs were about four feet long from the tips of their noses to the bases of their tails. The dog house in each of these pens was about four feet wide, four feet long, and about three feet high – not large enough for both dogs in the pen to be in the dog house at the same time and lie in a normal manner, stand without their heads hitting the ceilings, or turn about freely (3.4(b)(3)- Shelter from the elements).
The dog houses had a dirty build-up on their outside surfaces and torn and scratched wood around the doggie doors (3.1(c)(2)-Surfaces).
A tarp about seven feet high served as a roof over the pens and provided some shade. Metal self feeders on their walls several inches above the ground were not placed in a manner that would minimize contamination by excreta and pests (3.9(b)-Feeding).
Several weeks’ accumulation of feces was on top of the rocks of the pen floorings. Some of fecal run-off had washed onto the rocks, as well. Flies swarmed the area (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures); (3.11(d)-Pest control).
Clumber Spaniel pens
One edge of the kennel area had two elevated outdoor pens next to each other. Each pen had a cage, made of thick-gauge rusting wire. The cages were attached to a wooden dog house. Each pen housed three Clumber Spaniels.
Large water puddles under these pens were filled with several days’ accumulation of feces and were covered in flies (3.11(a)-Cleaning); (3.1(f)-Drainage and waste disposal); (3.11(d)-Pest control).
A whelping building measuring about 15 feet long and 10 feet wide had a row of four cages on one of its longer sides. The cages, made entirely of treated wire, were raised above the ground and had plastic and metal self-feeders attached to the walls and water spigots. Three cages contained nursing mothers and puppies, while one contained two Yorkshire Terriers and a Miniature Pinscher.
The cages were measured three cubic feet, and the Yorkshire Terriers and Miniature Pinscher were about a foot long from the tips of their noses to the bases of their tails (3.6(c)(1)(i)-Primary enclosures).
The other side of the building had three pens with plastic walls and floorings, each about four feet wide and four feet long. They housed larger whelping dogs and puppies, two containing Boxers and one containing a German Shepherd with her puppies.
Saw dust on the barn floor had food and feces mixed into it and was covered with flies (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures); (3.1(f)-Drainage and waste disposal); (3.11(d)-Pest control).
Outdoor pens/wounded Boxer
Three sets of outdoor enclosures near the whelping barn consisted of two elevated pens each. Each pen had a wire cage attached to a wooden dog house. The cages were made of untreated and treated wire and had treated wire floors. These pens housed dogs of various breeds, including Clumber Spaniels, Airedale Terriers and Boxers.
Two of the dog houses lacked windbreaks (3.4(b)(3)- Shelter from the elements). All of the dog houses had worn and scratched wood around the doggie door (3.1(c)(2)-Surfaces).
One Boxer, housed in the pen furthest from the Spaniel, had an infected left ear with the skin torn away from its outer surface. The ear was swollen to about ten times its normal thickness and was covered in blood, pus, and flies. When asked about the injury, Miller claimed the dog had been in a fight, but he did not mention the dog was receiving treatment of any kind (2.40-Vet care).
There was more than a week’s accumulation of feces under each cage. The feces was covered with swarming flies. It also appeared feces was washed into puddles on the ground under each pen (3.1(f)-Drainage and waste disposal); (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures); (3.11(d)-Pest control).
Note: Miller has moved from his old address of 5759 James Ave. to the new address listed above. The old property is owned by new Amish residents.
Miller’s kennel consisted of several series of pens west of Miller’s house.
Building with indoor/outdoor cages
The kennel building was a wooden structure about 10 feet wide and 15 feet long with a single door on one of the short sides of the building. There were eight indoor/outdoor cages on each long side of the building. Each group of cages consisted of a row of four cages on the bottom, raised about 1.5 above the ground, and a row of four cages about a foot above them. Each cage was about 1.5 feet wide, two feet long, and 1.5 feet high. Several of the pens held two adult Airedale Terriers, while several others contained two adult Yorkshire Terriers. One pen contained a boxer puppy about 8 weeks old, and two other pens contained nursing Yorkshire Terrier mothers with several puppies about two to three weeks old.
The cages had plastic roofing and backs with doggie doors leading to inside cages. The other three walls were made of untreated, thin-gauge wire (3.6(a)(2)(xii)-Primary enclosures). Flooring was made of treated wire. Cage floorings and the three wire walls were enclosed by untreated, rusting thick-gauge wire on its outside (3.1(c)(1)(i)-Surfaces).
The cages had metal beams running through them and at their corners for support. There was wooden shelving about three inches below each set of cages to catch feces and debris. Several weeks’ accumulation of mostly-dried feces was under each cage (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures). The plastic backing of many pens had feces stains on them (3.11(a)(1)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).
Cages inside the structure had plastic walls, flooring, and roofing. These cages had doors made of rusting, thin-gauge wire covered with rusting thick-gauge wire (3.1(c)(1)(i)-Surfaces) (3.6(a)(2)(xii)-Primary enclosures).
Some of the pens had pieces of carpet laid down on the flooring, and all of the cages contained a lix-it watering system. The walls exhibited oil and feces buildup, and the floorings were covered in so much feces accumulation that the dogs could not lie down without being in contact with the excrement (3.11(a)(1)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).
Most of the cages had plastic or metal self-feeders about ten inches tall and filled to within two inches of the top with food, containing more than a day’s worth of food for the dogs in these pens (3.9(a)-Feeding). Dirty buildup was evident on all of the self-feeders (3.11(a)(1)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).
Two pens with Airedale Terriers contained empty plastic food dishes (3.9(a)-Feeding). The food containers were not placed so as to minimize contamination by excreta (3.9(b)-Feeding). The cages containing nursing Yorkshire Terrier mothers and puppies had plastic cat litter trays filled with shredded paper in them. There were plastic food dishes containing puppy food set on the cage flooring in a manner that did not minimize contamination by excreta (3.9(b)-Feeding).
The plastic flooring of the room was covered with dirt and pieces of dog food (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures.)
Outdoor pens with doghouses
North of the kennel building were five pens, each about 15 feet wide and 15 feet long, with thick-gauge wire walls about five feet high surrounding each pen. The pen on the western end of the row was only 10 feet wide. Four pens each contained two to three adult Boxers, while the western pen contained two Clumber Spaniels.
Each pen had a thick layer of small pebbles on the ground for flooring and a wooden dog house about eight feet wide, five feet long, and five feet high with a plastic windbreak at its entrance. The corner of each pen had a wooden board about five feet wide and five feet. Each pen also had a metal self-feeder attached to one their wire walls. Each pen had more than 24 hours’ accumulation of feces in it (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures). One of the Clumber Spaniels had a bloody sore about two inches in diameter in the middle of its left side (2.40-Vet Care).
Another building about 10 feet wide and 15 feet long had a single door accessing its southern side and windows on its east and west walls. Along the east and west walls inside the building were bench-like protrusions about 1.5 feet above the plastic flooring. Along each bench was plastic piping connecting to four lix-it style watering devices about eight inches above the floor.
The floor was covered in sawdust, dried feces, plastic self-feeders, and a shattered plastic tub about twice the size of a cat litter box (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures). The benches supporting the water system, and the plastic piping of the watering system, were covered in dried feces was (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures). The excrement appeared to be from small dogs; however, no animals were in the building at the time.
East of the second building were three sets of enclosures each containing two dog pens Each pen was about four feet wide, seven feet long, and four feet high. A wooden substructure raised each pen about a foot above the ground. These pens had sheets of metal for roofing and thinner, treated wire for flooring. There were two adult Boxers in each pen.
Each pen contained a wooden box about four feet wide, four feet long, and four feet high with a plastic windbreak over the entrance. . The pens were made of thick-gauge wire with rusty metal beams supporting the corners (3.1(c)(1)(i)-Surfaces).
Each pen had two plastic or metal self-feeders attached to the wire walls. All of the feeders were empty. The top half of one plastic self-feeder was broken away, leaving jagged edges of plastic protruding. This feeder was attached to the outside of the pen; however, the Boxers inside could reach the broken plastic through the wire with their paws. There appeared to be more than a week’s accumulation of feces and dozens of flies under each pen (3.11(a)-Cleaning) (3.11(d)-Pest Control).
Boxer puppy pens
At the southeastern edge of the kennel property were two pens with walls made of thick-gauge rusting mesh wire. Each pen contained four to five Boxer puppies about six to eight weeks old (3.1(c)(1)(i)- Surfaces).
These pens also exhibited more than a week’s accumulation of feces and dozens of flies under them. The piles of feces were a foot high, and the wooden beams supporting the pens were splattered with feces (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures) (3.11(d)-Pest control).
Breeds: West Highland Terriers, Bichon Frises, Schnauzers
Aaron and Rhoda Martin at first declined viewing of their kennel, opting instead to bring puppies out for viewing. They showed several Bichon and Westie puppies, all of which had yellow and brown stains covering soaking-wet fur. Rhoda Martin said one Westie, three months old, was the offspring of a father and daughter, saying of the puppy’s mother, “She was bred to her father.”
Inside whelping enclosures
The kennel consisted of a building with about eight elevated indoor/outdoor cages and several outdoor enclosures all on one side of the building. There was a whelping enclosure inside the building, consisting of a wire cage connected to a wire whelping box, both elevated above concrete flooring.
Next to the whelping enclosure was an elevated wire cage, about 2.5 feet long and wide and 2 feet high, overcrowded with eight Bichon and Schnauzer puppies, each about eight inches long from the tip of its nose to the base of its tail (3.6(c)(1)(i)-Primary enclosures).
When I walked into the barn with Mr. Martin, his son was picking up three puppies that had fallen out of their cage by pushing open the cage door. The puppies had crawled underneath the indoor breeding cages and into the feces and urine pooled under those cages (3.1(a)-Structure; construction) and this was why the puppies viewed earlier were so filthy.
Of the eight puppies housed in the cage, only six were shown earlier, outside, by Mr. Martin and his son, because the other two puppies were under the cage in the waste area. The puppies were placed back in their cage without being bathed; they were not even wiped off at any time during the investigative visit (2.40-Vet care).
Mr. Martin moved two Bichon puppies to a breeding cage, leaving a third Bichon puppy in a plastic dog carrier on top of the Westie whelping cage. The puppy cage had an overturned heat lamp and a can of dog food on top of it (3.1(b)-Condition and site). The top of the cage was indented and bent so that the center was three inches lower than the corners (3.1(a)-Structure; construction).
The indoor breeding cages had plastic walls and floors and thick-gauge, metal-wire roofs that were covered in cobwebs (3.1(c)(2)-Surfaces).
The dogs inside were able to push their heads completely through the mesh openings of the wire (3.1(a)-Structure; construction).
The plastic surfaces of the boxes had brown, dingy build-up on their inside and outside surfaces (3.1(c)(3)-Surfaces). Plastic self-feeders were attached to the box walls.
Outside whelping cages
The outside cages had treated-wire floorings, untreated-wire walls and ceilings, and plastic back walls with metal doggie doors connecting them to the inside of the building. Each cage contained two dogs, with one housing a nursing Bichon mother and two puppies. The puppies’ legs dropped through the mesh openings of the wire flooring, even though they were able to open the doggie door and access the inside cage wire flooring (3.6(a)(2)(x)-Primary enclosures). The mesh of the wire walls was large enough for the dogs to push their heads completely through (3.1(a)-structure; construction).
The plastic walls and doggie doors were covered in a dingy-brown build-up (3.1(c)(3)-Cleaning).
Wooden beams elevating the outdoor cages had peeling white paint, and the wood appeared moldy (3.1(c)(2)-Surfaces).
Metal water dishes in each cage had a brown build-up on their inside surfaces (3.10-Watering).
Several weeks’ accumulation of feces was under each cage and flies swarmed the area (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures); (3.11(d)-Pest control).
The outdoor enclosures consisted of elevated cages with thick-gauge wire walls and treated-wire flooring. These enclosures, with metal roofs and plastic self-feeders attached to the cage walls, were connected to plastic boxes via metal doggie doors. There was one row of two cages and one row of six cages.
The back walls and doggie doors attached to them were covered in a brown build-up, and weeks’ accumulation of feces, swarming with flies, was present under each cage (3.1(c)(3)-Surfaces); (3.11(a-Cleaning of primary enclosures); (3.11(d)-Pest control).
Hollow plastic PVC pipes running through adjacent cages served as a drinking water trough for the dogs in those cages.. There was green algae and thick brown sludge covering the inside and a brown build-up on the outside of the pipes (3.10-Watering).
Wooden beams supporting the elevated cages had peeling white paint (3.1(c)(2)-Surfaces) and a brown build-up on the inside front surfaces, as did the inside surfaces of the wooden door frames (3.1(c)(3)-Surfaces).
The door of one cage had a wire about six inches long broken and bent 90 degrees inward into the cage (3.1(c)(1)(ii)-Surfaces). Two Bichons housed in one cage had mats in their fur, especially thick on the dogs’ undersides (2.40-Vet care).
Breeds: Boston Terriers, Schnauzers, Jack Russell Terriers, Chihuahuas, Huskies, West Highland Terriers, Shiba Inus, American Eskimos, Bichons
Alvin Kurtz’ facility consisted of three kennel areas: a building with indoor/outdoor enclosures for small breeds, a hog barn with the concrete runs used to house Huskies, and a series of outdoor enclosures for small breeds.
The building had 16 indoor/outdoor cages on each of two sides. Each set of 16 enclosures was arranged in two rows of eight cages, one row set above the other. Each cage was made of treated wire and had a metal dog door accessing the indoor section of the enclosure and plastic shelving underneath to catch feces and debris. Plastic self-feeders and automatic water spigots were attached to the indoor cages. Most cages contained two to three dogs, though a few contained a single nursing mother with a litter of puppies.
More than 24 hours’ accumulation of feces was under each outdoor cage, and many cages had dried feces on their floorings (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures). The waste attracted flies (3.11(d)-Pest control).
The Husky kennel, a converted hog barn, was a sheltered enclosure with a metal roof and walls on three sides. There were five pens with cement flooring and four-foot-high cement walls between them. They were topped with steel sheets, which provided three additional feet of wall height to prevent the dogs from climbing over. Wire doors at the front end of the pens were behind a four-foot-high concrete wall that served as a windbreak. The pens had a plastic dog house at the other end of the run and plastic food and water dishes placed near the center of the run. Four of these pens housed two or three dogs each.
Metal slats in the concrete flooring covered an area about eight feet by eight feet in the middle of the pen area to allow runoff of feces and water to be collected in an underground pit. This set-up did not offer proper disease control during removal of excreta (3.1(f)-Drainage and waste disposal).
A brown and white Husky had bite wounds on its head and fresh blood covering its fur (2.40-Vet care). A kennel worker moved the dog from one pen to another and said that the dog often jumped over the wall into the adjoining pen (3.1(a)-Structure; construction).
The plastic feeders in the pens were chewed and had holes torn in them in several places (3.1(c)(3)-Surfaces). The food and water containers were covered in fecal stains (3.9(b)-Feeding); 3.10-Watering).
More than 24 hours’ accumulation of feces was present in each pen, much of it trampled and spread over the flooring (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures). There was a single Husky puppy about six weeks old in one pen with piles of feces littering the flooring (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).
The Eskimo dog pen, containing two adult Eskimos, was a chain link cage with a metal sheet for a roof and plastic paneling for flooring; the flooring had slits in to allow debris to fall through. The cage was raised about a foot above the ground, with weeks’ accumulation of feces underneath it (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures). More than a week of dried feces and fur accumulation was trampled on the flooring (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).
There was a plastic dog house lacking a windbreak in the pen (3.4(b)(3)-Shelter from the elements). A plastic self feeder and water dish on the pen floor were covered in a brown build-up and had fur stuck to their surfaces (3.1(c)(3)-Surfaces). The food dish was not placed so as to minimize contamination by excreta (3.9(b)-Feeding).
Another chain link cage of similar design was adjacent to the Eskimo cage. There were no dogs in this cage, but parts of a dog house, feeder, and water bowl were scattered about the cage.
There were three elevated enclosures near the Eskimo pen, each consisting of a wire cage connected to a wooden box via a doggie door. One pen housed an Eskimo and Shiba Inu, while the others each housed two or three Westies. Several weeks’ accumulation of feces was under each cage, attracting a large number of flies (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures); 3.11(d)-Pest control).
Approximately 1350 dogs and 20 puppies. Breeds: Bull Mastiffs, Cavalier King Charles Spaniels, English Bulldogs, Huskies, Shiba Inus, Labradors, Miniature Pinschers, Yorkshire Terriers, Australian Cattle Dogs, Lhasa Apsos, Maltese, Shar Peis, Pugs, American Bulldogs
Steve Kruse’s kennel had several buildings. The single-story building at the southeastern edge of the property was about 85 feet long (north and south) and about 30 feet wide. The structure was made of brick and wood. It had a white peaked metal roof and concrete flooring. The east end of the building had about 16 outside runs made of untreated, rusting metal (3.1(c)(i)-Surfaces). The pens had concrete floors. There was a doggie-door at the west end to allow access to a chain link area inside the building. The outside runs had no windbreaks other than the building itself at the west end (3.4(b)-Shelter from the elements). There was a piece of black tarp raised about three feet above the ground and covering an area of about six feet by five feet at the top of the northernmost pen. Each pen contained two dogs (Labradors and Bull Mastiffs).
Inside the building were four cages made of plastic-coated wire. One of the cages held three Cavalier King Charles Spaniels and a Husky; another had a Shiba Inu and three Cavalier King Charles Spaniels; and a third had two Maltese and four Pugs (3.6(c)(1)(i)-Primary enclosures). A fourth cage held only two Maltese puppies. All of the cages had red plastic self feeders. The plastic water bowls were on the floor (3.9(b)-Watering).
Northwest of this building was a single-story structure about 200 feet long and fifty feet wide. It had white brick walls and white, metal peaked roof. The building had garage doors at its east and west ends, which lead into a room of about fifty feet long and wide. Inside were cages, tools, boxes, and a dolly. There were metal containers at the right side of the eastern doorway inside the building, including a red gasoline container with a yellow spout. North of this room was a doorway with an open door. This led to a room of similar dimensions to the garage. This room had about 20 cages with wooden support beams, treated wire doors, backings and floors, and white plastic sides. The cages were about three feet above the concrete flooring. Some pens contained one to two dogs, each weighing about 25 pounds, while another contained a single dog Labrador weighing about 65 pounds in weight (3.6(c)(1)(i)-Primary enclosures). One pen had three Cavalier King Charles Spaniels (3.6(c)(1)(i)-Primary enclosures).
The eastern side of the northern wall of this room had a doorway with no door on it, which led to a room identical to the one previously described in the above paragraph. One pen held two Huskies (3.6(c)(1)(i)-Primary enclosures), an English Bulldog and a Shiba Inu (3.6(c)(1)(i)-Primary enclosures). The English Bulldog had sagging breasts. Also, a wall of her pen was smeared with blood about a foot in every direction (2.40-Vet Care). One pen had a Shih Tzu, a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, and a Yorkshire Terrier (3.6(c)(1)(i)-Primary enclosures). Another pen contained an Eskimo and two French Bulldogs (3.6(c)(1)(i)-Primary enclosures). Another held four Cavalier King Charles Spaniels (3.6(c)(1)(i)-Primary enclosures).
A room was north of this through a door at the eastern side of the northern wall. The room had cages identical to those described in the previous paragraph, except for the cages at the eastern wall which were only about two feet wide instead of three feet wide. Three Shih Tzu were in one of the larger cages (3.6(c)(1)(i)-Primary enclosures), and another cage that contained two Shih Tzu and a Maltese (3.6(c)(1)(i)-Primary enclosures).
The eastern side of the northern wall of the above described room accessed a room with about 30 cages in it. All were similar in description to those previously noted and were about three feet long and two feet wide. One cage had four Maltese (3.6(c)(1)(i)-Primary enclosures). One of the smaller cages held three Lhasa Apsos (3.6(c)(1)(i)-Primary enclosures).
Some of the cages described above contained red plastic self feeders hooked onto the cage doors, while others contained metal coffee cans for food dishes. The cans were placed on the wire flooring (3.9(b)-Feeding). All of the cages in the rooms contained lix-it water devices that ran from the ceiling.
East of the above described structure were two other buildings. Each was about 200 feet long and 20 feet wide, and had about 48 cages on each side. The cages were made of wooden supports and wire bottoms and walls. A metal ceiling covered all of the cages. Red plastic self-feeders were on all of the doors. All of the cages were about three feet above the ground on wooden beams.
Also, all of the cages had untreated metal bar doors that were rusting (3.1(c)(i)-Surfaces). The buildings also had tarps that were rolled up at the bottoms of the outside walls and tied to ropes that reached to the ceilings. This system appeared to be a way to hoist the tarps up in order to cover the sides of the enclosures. Various small and large breeds were in the cages, including Cavalier King Charles Spaniels, Labrador Retrievers, English Bulldogs, Shar Peis, Bull Mastiffs, Shiba Inus, Bichon Frises, Chihuahuas, and Pugs.
Overcrowding was evident throughout the buildings: cages with three or four Cavalier King Charles Spaniels; one cage with three Chihuahuas, a Pug, and a Maltese; two cages with two Labradors each; four Bichons in a cage; two cages with various breeds (four to five to each cage); four Shih Tzus in a cage, and a cage with two Shar Peis (3.6(c)(1)(i)-Primary enclosures). Another problem was stained concrete floors in the buildings (3.1(c)(2)-Maintenance and replacement of surfaces).
Fur and debris had accumulated on the wooden ledge on of one of English Bulldog pens (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures). Several full grown Shar Peis had clear discharge oozing from their red eyes (2.40-Vet Care).
In a phone conversation I had with Steve Kruse on 8/3/04, Kruse told me that he has been breeding dogs in a commercial business since 1986 and that he has 1350 adult dogs. He said he sells dogs to The Hunte Corporation and two family-owned pet store chains in Illinois and Florida, one of which has four stores and the other which has two. Kruse said that “a gal”, whom he later admitted is his wife, owns a pet store in Florida he sells to. He added that she drives up from Florida to pick up puppies in Illinois, Iowa, Arkansas and Missouri before going back to Florida. He said that he sells to Happiness is Pets stores in the Chicago area.
3389 Hickory Ave.
Salem, IA 52649
CAPS investigation: 9/11/06; 10:16 a.m.
On the premises at the time of investigation: approximately 105 dogs and 25 puppies.
Breeds: Bichon Frises, Yorkshire Terriers, Pekingese
This facility had two buildings with elevated wire cages.
The first barn had cages lining three walls, four sections of cages in the middle of the building, and a garage door on one side for access. Each section consisted of four cages, arranged adjacent to each other in a square configuration. All of the cages had treated wire floorings; some had treated-wire walls while others had walls of untreated wire and were rusting.
Many of the cages were overcrowded and had ceilings too low to allow six inches of space from the tops of the dogs’ heads to the tops of the cages (3.6(c)(1)(iii)-Primary enclosures).
While the cages were of various sizes, many contained two to three dogs that were too big for their cage space. For example, there was a cage about four feet long, 2.5 feet wide, and two feet high that contained a Pekingese and Bichon, each about 20 inches long from the tips of their noses to the bases of their tails – resulting in less than six inches of head room (3.6(c)(1)(i)-Primary enclosures); (3.6(c)(1)(iii)-Primary enclosures). Several cages were 2.5 feet long, wide, and high that each contained two Bichons 18 to 20 inches long (3.6(c)(1)(i)-Primary enclosures).
Several cages were about 2.5 feet long and wide but only two feet high, each housing one to three Bichons. One lone Bichon had less than an inch of head room when it stood in a normal manner (3.6(c)(1)(iii)-Primary enclosures). Other cages of the same height housed two to three dogs that were each 18 to 20 inches long from the tips of their noses to the bases of their tails – allowing the dogs less than six inches of head room (3.6(c)(1)(iii); 3.6(c)(1)(i)-Primary enclosures).
Plastic bowls and metal cans on the floorings served as water and food dishes; however, the food dishes were not placed so as to minimize contamination by excreta (3.9(b)-Feeding). Most of the metal cans that served as water bowls were rusty (3.10-Watering).
Cages in the back of the room were very difficult to see because the building was dark, despite sunlight coming through the windows (3.2(c)-Lighting).
A medicine table was at one corner of the barn near the entrance. A variety of bottled medicines were interspersed with a spray bottle, paint brushes, and a paint can. Open needles were lying on the table, and all of the contents were covered in dust (3.1(b)-Condition and site).
The cages in the whelping barn were arranged similarly to those in the breeder barn, with about 20 elevated wire cages arranged along the walls and in the middle of the room. No lights were turned on in this building; despite sunlight coming in through windows, the cages were in darkness (3.2(c)-Lighting).
Most of the cages were 2.5 feet long and wide and less than two feet high, with two to three dogs per cage. Other cages contained nursing mothers with puppies or recently weaned puppies. The dogs were each 18 to 20 inches long and lacked six inches of head room. One of these cages housed a single Cocker Spaniel about two feet long from the tip of its nose to the base of its tail – allowing only about three inches of space from the top of the dog’s head to the top of the cage. Other cages only about 18 inches tall each housed two Yorkies that were 10 to 12 inches long. Many of these Yorkies lacked six inches of head room (3.6(c)(1)(i); 3.6(c)(1)(iii)-Primary enclosures).
Plastic bowls and metal cans on the floorings served as water and food dishes; however, the food dishes were not placed so as to minimize contamination by excreta (3.9(b)-Feeding). Most of the metal cans that served as water bowls were rusty (3.10-Watering).
Many of the cage walls were made of untreated wire and were covered in rust (3.1(c)(1)(i)-Surfaces).
A medicine table near the doorway of the building was covered with utility and medicinal supplies mixed together. It was covered in dust and stored within several feet of whelping cages (3.1(b)-Condition and site).
1761 110th St.
Salem, IA 52649
CAPS investigation: 9/11/06; 10:34
On the premises at the time of investigation: 43 dogs were observed, which does not account for all of the dogs on the property at the time.
Breeds: Labrador Retrievers: German Shepherds
The main part of Jordan Kruse’s kennel was several large metal buildings with elevated wire cages inside housing Labradors and German Shepherds. Jordan Kruse only allowed me to clearly observe a row of outdoor chain-link pens next to one kennel building and a row of indoor Labrador cages.
There were four outdoor chain-link pens on concrete floorings next to a whelping building. Each pen held a single Shepherd or Labrador.
Each pen contained a wooden dog house with worn and scratched surfaces and no windbreak on the entrance (3.1(c)(2)-Surfaces); (3.4(b)(3)-Shelter from the elements). There were plastic water bowls and food dishes on the floorings; the food dishes were not placed so as to minimize contamination by excreta (3.9(b)-Feeding).
More than a week’s accumulation of feces completely covered the floorings (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures). The excrement in the pens, and that which had washed out onto the ground around the pens, attracted a large number of flies (3.11(d)-Pest control).
Indoor Labrador cages
There was a row of about 20 indoor Labrador cages. Each cage was elevated on wooden stilts and consisted of treated-wire floors and untreated-wire walls and ceilings, all framed in wood. The cages were each about five feet wide and eight feet long and had a plastic self-feeder attached to the door and a water spigot. Each cage housed two adult Labradors.
Many of the cages were so dark it was difficult to see inside them when standing immediately next to them (3.2(c) Lighting).
The ceilings, feeders, and cage doors had cobwebs and dust covering their surfaces (3.1(c)(2)-Surfaces).
More than 24 hours’ accumulation of feces was under each cage. Accumulations of feces-covered hair and cobwebs, some long enough to reach the ground three feet below, had collected under the cage floorings (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).
Self-administered veterinary care
When asked if he had to have a veterinarian come out to his kennel to treat sick dogs and euthanize them, Jordan Kruse replied, “The less the vet does, the more money you’re gonna’ make. We do everything ourselves. On the Rotts and Weimeis we dock their tails, we take off their dew claws.”
Breeds: Shetland Sheepdogs, Dachshunds, Shih Tzus, Jack Russell Terriers, Beagles, Pugs, Puggles, Poodles, and Schipperkes.
The main facility housing dogs on Les Knust’s property was a single, large shed, approximately 30 feet long and 10 feet wide. This kennel had a row of approximately 15 elevated cages installed along the outside of each length of the building. Beneath these outside elevated cages were fenced-in runs that each measured approximately six feet long and two feet wide. These runs housed mostly Shetland Sheepdogs, although one or two housed Beagles.
The outside elevated cages, housing the smaller-breed dogs, were made of wire and were separated by wooden boards. Each cage held at least two dogs, many of them three or four dogs. The wire used in the floorings of these cages seemed to irritate the feet of the dogs. The feet of many of the dogs slipped through this wire flooring (3.6(x)-Primary Enclosures).
Urine and feces dropped through the floorings onto a plastic white platform installed below the cages. While this platform prevented waste from falling into the runs below, it was covered in dog hair, feces, and urine. Feces not dropping through the flooring of the elevated cages collected in piles in the cages (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).
The elevated cages were each connected to a small indoor wooden pen by a metal doggie door. Clumps of dog hair and feces had accumulated over what appeared to be a lengthy period of time on another plastic platform installed under the indoor pens.
The flooring of the outdoor runs was made of cement and was spotted with feces and urine that the dogs were forced to walk through or lie in when they were outside. (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).
Each outdoor run was connected by a small metal doggie door to a tiny indoor pen made of wood and covered with wiring to contain the dogs.
Investigators were not allowed access inside two other facilities on the property. One was a smaller shed, approximately 15 feet long and 10 feet wide, that had only four runs on each side and four elevated cages located along the top of these runs.
The other shed was approximately 20 feet long and 10 feet wide. This kennel had two tiers of cages that each housed several dogs. The investigators did not see runs along the bottom of this shed.
The cages and runs of these two sheds also allowed indoor access through a metal doggie door.
Breeding dogs and puppies
Knust had several dogs that were expecting puppies in the upcoming weeks. The puppies present were housed with their mothers on wooden or wire cage floorings with no blankets, whelping boxes, or carpets to prevent the puppies’ feet from slipping through the flooring (3.6(x)-Primary enclosures).
Knust admitted to “putting a bullet” into the head of any dog with “two strikes” against it for not producing enough puppies, because such dogs only “took up space” in his kennel.
First kennel building
One of Marvin Kauffman’s kennel buildings was a single-story wooden structure about 20 feet long and 12 feet wide. On both longer sides of the building were five indoor/outdoor enclosures, each about four feet wide, four feet long, and four feet high. The outside enclosures were made with wooden and metal beams at their corners and wire on all sides, including the floorings. Wooden beams raised the outside enclosures about a foot above the dirt ground. The building roofing extended about 18 inches over the outdoor pens. Four pens each housed two Lhasa Apsos, and one pen housed two Bichons.
In several areas there was algae build-up on the wood and metal beams of the enclosures (3.1(c)(2)-Surfaces). Wood elements were painted, and the wire on the floorings was treated while the thin-gauge galvanized wire on the walls and roofing was untreated (3.6(a)(2)(xii)-Primary enclosures). The indoor and outdoor pens were connected by metal doggie doors that had oil and feces buildup on their surfaces (3.1(c)(3)-Surfaces). The outside pens had carpet mats about a foot wide and two feet long below the doggie doors
All of the dogs had long hair that was stained yellow (2.40-Vet Care). There was what appeared to be more than two weeks’ accumulation of feces, mixed with sawdust and piled up to six inches high, under the outside pens facing the direction of the house (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures). The owner took two Lhasa Apso puppies that he said were about three weeks old, out of a pen. He said the pen contained three puppies.
The owner did not allow access inside this kennel. From outside the doorway, inside cages the same dimensions as the outside cages were visible. They had wire doorways, metal-beam frames connecting the pens and extending from the ceiling to the concrete flooring. The pens were raised about eight inches off of the ground, and walls and floorings were made of either white plastic or painted wood. Metal self-feeders hung on the doorways of the cages, and a variety of items were stored on the concrete flooring next to the cages, including a plastic bin full of plastic food and a water dishes, a five-gallon plastic bucket, and a plastic bin with a lid on it underneath a cage (3.1(b)-Condition and site. A sink with various bottles stored on it was at the end of the kennel opposite the doorway, directly below a light and fan set in the wall for ventilation. A window about a foot long and eight inches high was above the fan.
The second kennel building was a wooden, roofed structure about 10 feet wide, ten feet long, and about four feet high. The building was elevated on wooden stilts about a foot above a 10-foot-square slab of concrete. The concrete slab had untreated wooden boards framing it. It contained four adjacent enclosures each about five feet wide, five feet long, and four feet high.
Each enclosure had a door trimmed with painted wood and untreated-wire in its center (3.6(a)(2)(xii)-Primary enclosures). Half of each enclosure was a painted wooden box that was accessible by a metal doggie-door. Painted wooden walls separated the pens. Paint was rubbed away on the lower section of the walls, and there was oil and feces buildup on the doggie-doors and on the walls about eight inches high (3.1(c)(2)(3)-Surfaces)
The other enclosure walls were made of untreated, thin-gauge galvanized wire (3.6(a)(2)(xii)-Primary enclosures) or chain link. Treated wire made up the flooring of the pens. Each pen contained two adult Lhasa Apsos with long hair that was stained yellow (2.40-Vet Care). Underneath each pen was more than two weeks’ accumulation of feces, and under one pen containing Lhasa Apsos there was a pile of feces more than ten inches high (3.11(a)-Cleaning of primary enclosures).