There were about 83 dogs and 60 puppies in the kennel at the time of investigation.
The kennel is a building with two rooms containing cages. One is for whelping and puppies, and the other for breeders.
The whelping room contained a total of 32 cages, with four rows of six whelping cages and two rows of four puppy cages. All of the enclosures were elevated above a concrete floor on painted wooden stilts; the cages were painted wooden frames and treated wire walls, ceilings, and floorings. The whelping cages also had wooden whelping boxes attached to them, accessible via dog doors. Some of the whelping cages contained a pregnant dog, others a whelping mother and puppies, and others simply a litter of puppies. All of the cages had plastic self-feeders attached to their doors and automatic water spigots in them.
Overcrowded puppy cages; Bichon Frise cage
The rows of puppy cages were overcrowded. Each cage was about 2.5 feet tall and wide and 3.5 feet long (providing 8.75 square feet of floor space). Five cages each contained five Poodle, Cock-a-poo, or Shih Tzu puppies, each about 10-12 inches long from the tips of their noses to the bases of their tails (requiring 8.89 - 11.25 square feet of floor space). Another contained six Cock-a-poos of similar size (requiring about 12 square feet of floor space), two more each contained four Cock-a-poos that were each about 18 inches long (requiring 16 feet of floor space) USDA: 3.6(c)(1)(i)-Space; PA Dog Law: 21.23(b)-Space).
A whelping cage containing a Bichon Frise had over 24 hours of dried feces on top of its cage flooring USDA: 3.11(a)- Cleaning of primary enclosures; PA Dog Law: 21.29(a)-Sanitation).
The breeder cages were elevated enclosures made entirely of treated wire with wooden frames, each about three feet tall and wide and five feet long (providing 15 square feet of floor space). Most of the cages held two dogs each. There were four rows of 14 cages in the room.
One cage contained two Poodles, each about three feet long from the tips of their noses to the bases of their tails (requiring 24 square feet of floor space). Another contained four Cock-a-poo puppies each about 18 inches long (requiring 16 feet of floor space) (USDA: 3.6(c)(1)(i)-Space; PA Dog Law: 21.23(b)-Space).